Current Issues of Public Administration in the Field of Land within The Framework of Functioning of the Agricultural Land Market (Current Problems and Ways of Improvement)
The qualitative development of a democratic society and the improvement of the functions of the rule of law in our country are closely connected with the understanding of human rights, including in the field of land relations. After all, the land, its subsoil and other natural resources located on the territory of Ukraine, in accordance with the Constitution of Ukraine, are the objects of property rights of the Ukrainian people exclusively, and are a national treasure. Today, Ukraine is undergoing a complex process of reforming land relations and adapting them to modern political, economic and social needs, especially in an open market for agricultural land. With an extremely strong agro-industrial potential, Ukraine has a significant role to play in overcoming the global food crisis. However, in the current system there is no competent and balanced state policy, and appropriate mechanisms for its implementation, on the integrated development of land relations and adaptation of land reform in Ukraine. As never before, there is a need for quality and effective public administration in the field of land use within the functioning of the agricultural land market in Ukraine. With the beginning of land status in Ukraine, new questions arose about the directions and mechanisms of improving land relations, the formation of the land market, the solution of which involves scientific and practical clarification of a wide range of problems in its infrastructure. Due to the introduction of a new wave of land reform in Ukraine, public administration in the field of land use of state and communal property should acquire a modern character. Along with the introduction of a transparent market for agricultural land, the reform also aims at transparent and efficient land management. One of the mandatory components of this goal is the introduction of an effective system of public administration in the field of land use of state and communal property. Thus, the formation of effective public administration in the field of land use within the functioning of the agricultural land market in Ukraine, including taking into account international experience, would ensure quality and rational use and protection of land in Ukraine, guarantee the rights of land owners and users and effective governance, which requires a systematic and scientific approach to addressing issues.