public opinion

  • The Role of NGOs in the Development of Societies and Overcoming the Consequences of Crises: Case Studies of Poland and Russia

    Author: Elena V. Kucheryavaya
    E-mail: elenamulti@yahoo.com
    Institution: University of Warsaw (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 166-177
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2016013
    PDF: ppsy/45/ppsy2016013.pdf

    The aim of the article is to present the results of the research conducted by author in Poland and Russia last years, as well as to analyse the ways for improvement the situation in civil society in these countries. The author postulates the need of new understanding of the role of non–governmental organizations in times of crises, which happened in Europe and in the world in recent years (the world financial crisis, migration crisis, political crises in Poland and Russia, the crisis of European integration, etc.). Presented in this article research demonstrates, that mass–media, governments and ordinary people in Poland and Russia see the role of non–governmental organisations primarily in the social problems solving. Moreover, different other studies analysed in the article demonstrate the weakness of non–governmental sector and civil society in these countries. Author concludes that non–governmental organizations have to work in coalitions, because this way they can receive support from other institutions in the network and promote their activities on a larger scale. Networking, federations and coalitions of non–governmental organizations are the significant force in society. It is very important especially in a context of social development of Poland and Russia and overcoming the consequences of crises. 

  • Globalization — Politics — Education

    Author: Andrzej Chodubski
    Institution: University of Gdańsk (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 7-20
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013001
    PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013001.pdf

    In the contemporary world, the development of education is given special importance. Education is considered as a basic force of civilization changes. Interdisciplinary education, focused on innovation, is seen as a necessary challenge to cultural changes. The level of education is becoming an increasingly important factor in determining the economic, political and social behaviour as well as values shaping systems. Currently, educational challenges are of interest to different actors of cultural life. They draw attention to the types of education, institutional arrangements, curricula, the teachers image, educators and students, teaching methods, forms of extracurricular education, financial aspects, etc. These issues are awakening big disputability, and even controversy, both political factors, responsible for shaping educational policy and public opinion, including teachers and researchers interested in various aspects of education. There is on the one hand – pursuance to preserve tradition, cultivating patterns developed in the historical process and enrich them through the elements of civilization challenges and on the other hand – promotes belief in the need for education outgoing to meet civilization challenges of education called modern, rejecting the existing patterns of development; moreover, in a Polish cultural reality, the traditional school model is known as a little – friendly institution for teacher and student. 

  • Publiczność medialna a potencjał aktywizacyjny Internetu

    Author: Ewelina Dziwak
    Institution: Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza w Krakowie
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 21-33
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: kim/2017_1/kim2017103.pdf

    Audience of the media and elicitation potencial of Internet
    The article discusses a problem about audience of old and new media. At the beginning of text author mentions each epoch in the history of human thought, ending its consideration of the time of post-post modernism, in which an integral part of human life is, in her opinion, the computer. Then goes on to present two different trends recognizing the public media. One associated with the hypothesis of the spiral of silence by Elizabeth Noelle-Neumann and the other based on a spiral barking and clamor proposed by Stanislaw Ignacy Fiut. In the next part of the work takes the issue of ways to receive media information and identifies specific concepts of audience. A key part of the article is the section on public opinion of old and new media, in which the author shows both the differences and similarities that occur between users different media types.

  • PUBLIC OPINION AND FOREIGN POLICY OF THE STATE . ANALYSIS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF POLISH FOREIGN POLICY

    Author: Renata Podgórzańska
    E-mail: renata.podgorzanska@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 60-73
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: rop/2015/rop201505.pdf

    For the purposes of this article it has been assumed that public opinion is a rapidly changing state of consciousness of large social groups, made up of more or less stable ideas and beliefs, relating to debatable issues, which has a direct or indirect impact on the current or future interests of society by its properties. This article aims to analyze the impact of public opinion on Polish foreign policy after 1989. The article assumes that: the public opinion has an impact on decisions affecting foreign policy, although the extent of this impact is very different and often is purely indirect; impact of public opinion in Poland on foreign policy increases, but still shall be defined only as incidental impact; public opinion in Poland does not determine foreign policy.

  • Public Opinion Regarding the Postulates of the LGBT Community in Poland

    Author: Katarzyna Zawadzka
    Institution: Szczecin University
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 121-138
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.59.09
    PDF: apsp/59/apsp5909.pdf

    The article concerns public opinion regarding the postulates of sexual minorities. The basis for this discussion are public opinion polls conducted by the Public Opinion Research Centre. This allowed to present social tendencies regarding activities and postulates of the LGBT movement in Poland. The research polls span the period of time between 1998 and 2013. They concerned the following issues: opinions on homosexuality, social acceptance of homosexuality, attitude to same-sex marriage and civil partnerships, and gays’ and lesbians’ right to public demonstration. This discussion is founded on a theoretical overview regarding non-normativity.

  • Vztah Čechů k československé státnosti

    Author: Zdeněk Jirásek
    E-mail: zdenek.jirasek@fpf.slu.cz
    Institution: FPF Slezské Univerzity v Opavě
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 21-31
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso190402
    PDF: hso/23/hso2302.pdf

    This article presents insight into the development/changes in the way in which Czechs treated the Czechoslovak stateh in 1918-1992. I have taken into consideration the roots of the modification to the Czech state resulting from historical developments and supplemented in the 19th century. I also ascertain that - except for the Second Republic - Czechs adopted a positive outlook on the emergence of an independent state - Czechoslovakia. This emergence posed a considerable problem predominantly to communist ideologists. However, even they could not eliminate this social vision in their targeted and simplified interpretations of history. While Czechoslovakia as a state disappeared as early as in 1992, the rudimentary concepts of the Czechoslovak statehood have survived and have been reflected in the way the new Czech state is treated.

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