public services

  • Co-Production of Public Services in Terms of the Polish Experience

    Author: Robert Gawłowski
    E-mail: robert.gawlowski@wsb.bydgoszcz.pl
    Institution: WSB University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 110–120
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018108
    PDF: ppsy/47-1/ppsy2018108.pdf

    Co-production of public services is an increasingly popular tool in public management, although it is still a new phenomenon in Poland. Despite the attention researchers give to co-production, some significant gaps remain. In this article, the author attempts to examine the legal possibility of implementing co-production by the Polish local government by local initiative and Solecki Fund. The article aims to examine how major Polish cities gathered in Union in Polish Metropolises used local initiatives. The next step in research is to find out how Solecki Fund is spread among rural areas according to statistical data. It is proved that only a handful of local governments in Poland are truly engaged in co-production. However, Solecki Fund can be shown as an excellent example of citizens’ engagement. It is presented a possible agenda on what can be done to make co-production more popular and used on a regular basis not only in metropolitan but also rural areas.

     

  • Analysis of the Practice of Providing Administrative Services by the Member States of the European Union

    Author: Anna Bolbotenko
    E-mail: anna3bolbotenko@gmail.com
    Institution: National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8495-7517
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 28-40
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20210103
    PDF: ksm/29/ksm2903.pdf

    The article considers the primary and secondary legislation of the European Community and normative legal acts of different European countries that regulate the provision of administrative services. Related concepts used in European Union law to define the scope of public services were distinguished. The practice of providing administrative services was analyzed on the examples of Poland, England, France and Sweden. Characteristics of the subject composition of public services were studied. The assessment of public service standards was made. The analysis of long-term programs of public administration reform in EU member states was carried out. The basic principles of functioning of state institutions and organizations that provide services to citizens, as well as the obligations of government agencies in the sphere of organization, distribution and provision of administrative services were determibed. In addition, various ways of improvement the quality of the provision of services, which the countries of the European Community are already using and are planning to use in the future, were considered. Obstacles to the introduction of new approaches to the improvement of the quality of public services were found. The analysis of formation of systems of various social services was carried out. The activity of state social services on needs assessment and planning of social services was considered. The concept and direct implementation of the principle of “mutual complementarity” were analyzed.

  • Gender equality in social and labor relations

    Author: Valentyna Kolesnyk
    E-mail: valentine.kolesnik07@gmail.com
    Institution: Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1994-9537
    Author: Galyna Tatarenko
    E-mail: gosik1@ukr.net
    Institution: Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6291-4455
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 44-56
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2021103
    PDF: rop/15/rop1504.pdf

    While reforming of the Ukrainian state, an important part of ensuring the social process is gender issues, providing equal opportunities for self-realization of a person regardless of gender, age, nationality or social origin. In accordance with the Millennium Development Goals adopted by the world community in 2000, one of the priorities of international development and indicators of social and economic development is ensuring gender equality. The implementation of gender equality ideas contributes to the effective use of human potential and, consequently, to the expansion of human development opportunities. Studying the processes of creation and implementation of gender policy in public administration is one of the new areas of research at the current stage of state formation. Its relevance is due to the processes of democratization of the Ukrainian society and search for ways to increase the effectiveness of public policy concerning equal rights and opportunities for women and men. Nowadays it is paid considerable attention to gender equality aspects by many international organizations. Thus, the United Nations (UN) has developed a number of global Sustainable Development Goals (CDGs) for 2015-2030, which were approved in 2015 at the UN Summit on Sustainable Development and which now all countries are committed to. The fifth of the seventeen CDGs is to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. In 2017, the Government of Ukraine presented the “Sustainable Development Goals: Ukraine” national report, which addresses gender equality as an essential task. It is emphasized that in Ukraine it is necessary to create conditions for elimination of all women discrimination forms. In this regard the relevant objectives and basic indicators for their achievement have been identified. Despite the fact that the world pays more and more attention to research in the field of gender equality, in Ukraine this issue remains one of the marginal segments in the public administration science. Therefore a systematic study of the formation of a gender-balanced staff at local executive bodies is becoming important. It is the management staff of local executive bodies that is sharply criticized; its mistakes and misjudgments significantly affect the standard of living, the welfare of citizens of a particular administrative-territorial unit, and the image and authority of government and the state as a whole. In the article it is analyzed the principles and mechanisms of state gender policy in Ukraine in the social and labor area, in particular in the civil service, it is studied the latest changes in the legal framework on gender issues, and it is described the existing legal issues that slow the further development of gender integration in all spheres of public administration, it is developed proposals to improve gender policy legal framework at the current stage.

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