• Prejudices behind Algorithms: Automated Surveillance Systems as Tools of Segregation and Discrimination

    Author: Maciej Gurtowski
    E-mail: gurtowski@protonmail.com
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2990-9088
    Author: Jan Waszewski
    E-mail: j.waszewski@akademia.mil.pl
    Institution: War Studies University, Warsaw, Poland
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7370-3714
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 94-109
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.04.05
    PDF: kie/122/kie12205.pdf

    The aim of this paper is to describe the emerging phenomenon of new racism brought by the development of automated surveillance tools. We would like to show that this new system of discrimination is a byproduct of some general transformations in the field of social control. For this purpose, we will refer to invisible hand type of explanation, and the concept of perverse effect in particular. We will also relate widely to some cases and concepts from the “new surveillance” and social control literature and we will try to summarize it.

  • Searching for Progress: Progressivism and the U.S. Supreme Court Jurisprudence (Some Remarks)

    Author: Edyta Sokalska
    E-mail: edyta.sokalska@uwm.edu.pl
    Institution: Warmia and Mazury University in Olsztyn
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0903-7726
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 443-462
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.33
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5733.pdf

    In American legal historiography, the debate concerning the exact contours and reforms of the Progressive Era is still ongoing. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the American reform movements tried to match American ideals with the challenges of the times. Although progressive attitudes toward the economy, taxation, foreign policy, labor law, social standards, human rights, women’s suffrage, rapid urbanization and unrestricted immigration highlighted the necessity of reforms, such progress was seen from a variety of perspectives. We may ask the question if American legal thought that time was really progressive. The jurisprudence of the U.S. Supreme Court profoundly influenced the shape of the legal order in economic and labor law. Unfortunately, some decisions were not compatible with the visions of progressive reformers and reflected the ideological attitudes of the justices rather than an aspiration for reform.

  • Ekstremizm polityczny w Nowej Zelandii

    Author: Marcin Wałdoch
    E-mail: waldoch@ukw.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8778-1780
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 29-57
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip202002
    PDF: siip/19/siip1902.pdf

    Political extremism in New Zealand

    In this paper an author state a hypothesis that political extremism in New Zealand is a permanent phenomena that is present in New Zealand, which derives itself from globalization processes and evolves as the effect of idea’s diffusion. System theory is used as a theoretical perspective and a priori assumption that political extremism deepen state-phobia is made. Research methods such as lexical analysis and comparative analysis are used. During the research main extremist political trends are reveal, such as leftist, rightist, pro-ecological, islamic and postcolonial, and „lone-wolf” extremism. These phenomenon are highlighted in the perspective of potential security threats to the state. Ideological sources of extreme attitudes are revealed and shown in the most current political trends.

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