Rada Najwyższa Ukrainy

  • Pozbawienie władzy prezydenta Ukrainy przez parlament w 2014 r. (analiza konstytucyjna)

    Author: Grzegorz Kowalski
    E-mail: grzkowalski@interia.pl
    Institution: Prokuratura Rejonowa w Tomaszowie Lubelskim
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 97-119
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.03.04
    PDF: ppk/37/ppk3704.pdf

    The article brings up issues of the removing V. Janukovych from power by Ukrainian parliament in February 2014. For that reason resolutions from that period passed by Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (concerning divesting V. Janukovych of president’s power) were discussed, particularly Resolution on February 22nd, 2014 on Self-Removal of the president of Ukraine from his Constitutional Authority and Early Elections of the president of Ukraine. Thorough analysis of Ukrainian parliament’s resolutions mentioned above in the light of legally binding Ukrainian Constitution at that time, judicial decisions of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine and literature, leads to conclusion, that the divesting V. Janukovych of power by Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine occurred with violation of the Fundamental Law of Ukraine, first of all, principles of: people’s sovereignty, state power division, rule of law and supremacy of Constitution, legality of acting of bodies of state power, ban of state power usurpation, too. This analysis proves an assumption made in the article that Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine divested the Ukrainian president of power unlawfully.

  • Adoption of the Electoral Code as the Next Stage in Evolution of the Rules for Electing People’s Deputies of Ukraine

    Author: Krzysztof Eckhardt
    E-mail: Krzysztof.Eckhardt@wspia.eu
    Institution: Rzeszów School of Higher Education
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3338-9836
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 325-337
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.24
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5724.pdf

    After the adoption of the Electoral Code, the Ukrainian electoral system entered a new state of evolution. The paper presents the basic principles of electing People’s Deputies on the basis of the Electoral Code with regard to the earlier stages of changes in Ukrainian electoral law. The Polish literature has not dealt analytically with these solutions so far. Probably the time will come when they will be implemented. The author’s intention is to describe the characteristics of the Code in the part concerning the election of popular deputies. The President of Ukraine’s proposal to amend Art. 76 and 77 of the Constitution providing for the reduction of the number of deputies to 300, the introduction of censorship for speaking the mother tongue as a condition for running for the Verkhovna Rada and the constitutionalization of a proportional electoral system indicate that the process of shaping the principles of electing People’s Deputies in Ukraine is not yet complete.

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