referendum lokalne

  • Uwagi na temat referendum lokalnego jako formy konsultacji przy zmianie granic gminy (na przykładzie Gminy Supraśl)

    Author: Artur Olechno
    E-mail: a.olechno@uwb.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2594-0376
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 73-83
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.02.05
    PDF: ppk/48/ppk4805.pdf

    The article is devoted to the presentation of remarks on the relationship between the obligation of prior consultations with residents of the issue of the act of the Council of Ministers regarding the creation, merger, division and abolition of the municipality and a possible local referendum in the case. The article focuses on selected aspects of this relationship, which will allow answering a few questions and research problems, such as: what conclusions can be drawn from the legislative path of this particular statutory regulation?; what is the difference in the territorial range of consultations with residents and the local referendum, and who actually gives opinion to the Council of Ministers before issuing the regulation?; whether statutory regulations on this subject are possible and whether the municipal council’s resolution has single or multiple applications?; finally, whether the expressed opinion is binding on the Council of Ministers?

  • O referendum w Polsce jeszcze raz – wybrane uwagi

    Author: Andrzej Szmyt
    E-mail: aszmyt50@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3101-4838
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 15-28
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.02.01
    PDF: ppk/54/ppk5401.pdf

    Referendums arose the permanent interest of both science and political practice. A lively debate is also ongoing in Poland. The article is devoted to the disputes related to the con- stitutional referendum, especially the concept of its non-binding character and its prior nature in relation to constitutional amendments, as well as changes in the sphere of local referendums. Particular attention has been also paid to issues concerning the freedom of speech during the referendum campaign and the implementation of referendum results.

  • Referendum lokalne w Polsce w świetle aktualnych regulacji prawnych i proponowanych zmian

    Author: Anna Rytel-Warzocha
    E-mail: anna.rytel@prawo.ug.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8972-4088
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 67-89
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.02.04
    PDF: ppk/54/ppk5404.pdf

    The local referendum in Poland is the only instrument that allows residents to direct- ly and ultimately decide on matters important for a given local community. On the one hand, this institution is strengthened by the right to referendum initiative of a binding nature that is granted to residents, but on the other, it is weakened by a number of bar- riers related to, among others, the requirement of high voter turnout determining the binding referendum result. For years changes in this area have been proposed by scien- tists, social organizations, as well as entities who have the right of legislative initiative. The last legislative proposal in this regard submitted to the Sejm in 2018 proposed, among others, granting the right of referendum initiative to the executive bodies of local gov- ernment units, restoring the possibility of holding the local referendum on the same day as the nationwide referendum or the election of the President of the Republic, elections to the Sejm, the Senate or the European Parliament. The most important proposal, how- ever, concerned the abolition of the requirement of minimum turnout conditioning the binding nature of the local referendum.

  • Referendum zagrożeniem dla porządku demokratycznego? Refleksje dotyczące polskiej regulacji prawnej i praktyki referendalnej na tle najnowszych opinii zagranicznej doktryny prawa konstytucyjnego i nauk politycznych

    Author: Marcin M. Wiszowaty
    E-mail: mwiszowaty@konstytuty.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9740-2457
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 91-113
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.02.05
    PDF: ppk/54/ppk5405.pdf

    In the latest literature on the subject, one can notice an increase in interest in direct de- mocracy on the one hand, and on the other – a clear increase in the skepticism of research- ers towards the idea of making binding and important decisions for the state by popu- lar vote. The purpose of this article is to present and analyze the latest views of foreign doctrine of constitutional law (and, in addition: political science) about the institution of the referendum and to compare them with the (general) analysis of the legal regula- tion of this institution in Poland, as well as to present the real impact of referendums on the decision-making process and public policies in Poland. As a result, an attempt will be made to assess the Polish legal regulation of referendum institutions in terms of their effectiveness on the one hand, and potential threats (or resistance to threats) to the democratic order on the other. Although direct democracy, and especially a referen- dum, have a wide range of critics in the scientific community accusing it of even being anti-democratic, radical proposals calling for the complete abolition of referendums are rare. The postulates of appropriate changes in the legal regulation concerning the ref- erendum prevail in order to make it resistant to dangerous modern phenomena: popu- lism, political cynicism, manipulation and propaganda. The implementation of all pos- tulates for changes reported by representatives of science will be very difficult. Noticing this fact may cause that the referendum will become a decision-making procedure very rarely launched. This seems to be the intention of researchers who submit their propos- als and reservations – that direct democracy should be only an exception to representa- tive democracy and that the former should not be used against the latter.

  • Article 35 Section 2 of the Act on the Local Referendum in the Light of the Constitutional Principle of Proportionality

    Author: Łukasz Buczkowski
    E-mail: lbuczkowski@pwsip.edu.pl
    Institution: Łomża State University of Applied Sciences
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0147-4721
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 61-74
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.04
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5704.pdf

    The subject of the article is the analysis of the provisions of the Art. 35 (2) of the Act on Local Referendum against the background of the Art. 31 (3) of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, creating the conditions for admissibility of formulating restrictions on the use of constitutionally specified provisions the rights and freedoms of the individual. The aim of the study is to determine whether the statutory regulation under review remains compliant with the constitutional principle of proportionality regarding the citizen’s right to a court. The main thesis is that the disposition of the Art. 35 (2) of the Local Referendum Act does not infringe the individual’s rights related to the pursuit of claims related to unreliable referendum campaigns.

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