Regional Cooperation

  • Regional Cooperation of Baltic States (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia) and the Globalisation Challenges

    Author: Renata Runiewicz–Jasińska
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2005
    Source: Show
    Pages: 103-109
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/34/ppsy2005010.pdf

    This publication aims at presenting the signifi cance of the regionalization or rather integration process taking place in post-communist Baltic States (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia) in the light of globalisation, with particular attention on political and economic aspects. This article also aims at presenting this problem in a very concise way, both substantially and quantitatively. The Europe of the XXI century is an integrating Europe, and by means of regional integration it moves towards a higher range of integration – globalisation. Thus, each European country, including post-communist Baltic States (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia) while adapting to quality changes of contemporariness, realizes both the regionalization or integration processes, as well as globalisation one.

  • Trudne początki współpracy wyszehradzkiej w dobie transformacji systemowej

    Author: Paulina Błażejewska
    Year of publication: 2016
    Pages: 82-94
    DOI Address:
    PDF: npw/10/npw2016104.pdf

    Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary established a closer relationship in the late eighties and early nineties of the twentieth century as a result of the fight against the communist system. In these difficult times interconnection helped to develop common goals to achieve. A similar level of development and the geopolitical situation in the three countries activated the society to act. Accession to the European Communities and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was the main priority in those years. However, accession criteria were quite a challenge and only joint actions in this direction enable the challenges posed by the Member States of these organizations. This article presents the beginnings of cooperation Polish, Czechoslovakia and Hungary formed mainly within the Visegrad Triangle, included the difficulties that were to be overcome. It shows all steps in the development of regional relations and the way to democracy and a market economy. The complexity and spontaneity of this process is an important example of informal, and effective cooperation between countries, which has been going for over two decades.

  • Regional cooperation in the process of integration of the Western Balkan states with the European Union

    Author: Renata Podgórzańska
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 71-88
    DOI Address:
    PDF: rop/2018/rop201805.pdf

    From the European Union perspective regional cooperation in the Western Balkans is one of the fundamental conditions determining the pace of accession to European structures. This question is emphasized in EU documents concerning the enlargement, and it is also each time a subject of the EU’s discussion with representatives of Western Balkan countries. The aim of this paper is to articulate and characterize the premises of EU activity towards Western Balkans and to analyze forms of regional cooperation with the participation of Western Balkan countries as well as an exegesis of factors determining this cooperation.

  • “Sham partnership” or “hidden competition”? The Russian Federation and the Islamic Republic of Iran in the Central Asian region

    Author: Kakha Putkaradze
    Institution: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 99-113
    DOI Address:
    PDF: rop/12/rop1207.pdf

    Recent years the growing confrontation between the Russian Federation, the United States, and the EU is accompanied by Moscow’s searching the alternative allies for its diplomatic support. Iran is called one of such allies today. The Russian-Iranian relations are interesting both in terms of sectoral and geographical fields. The region of Central Asia is of particular importance. The need to consider such aspects is explained by the strengthening of Iran’s position in Central Asia as a direct zone of Russian interests in a sense of its economic, cultural, and religious presence.

  • Migration and Foreign Aid as Factors Restraining Regional Cooperation in the South Pacific

    Author: Joanna Siekiera
    Institution: University of Bergen (Norway)
    Published online: 30 June 2021
    Final submission: 12 March 2021
    Printed issue: December 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 1-9
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202125.pdf

    Cooperation in the South Pacific region is unique due to the characteristics of its participants. Following the period of decolonization (1962-1980), countries in Oceania have radically changed. Achieving independence gave those nations international legal personality, yet complete independence from their former colonial powers. The following consequence was gaining an opportunity to draft, adopt and execute own laws in national and foreign policy. PICT (Pacific island countries and territories) have been expanding connections, political and trade ones, within the region since the 1960s when permanent migration of islanders and intra-regional transactions began. Migrations along with foreign aid are considered as the distinctive characteristics of the Pacific Ocean basin. Since the 1980s, the regional integration in Oceania, through establishing regional groupings and increasing the regional trade agreements number, took on pace and scope. The MIRAB synthetic measure (migration, remittances, aid, bureaucracy) has been used in analyzing the Oceania developing microeconomies. Last but not least, migration and foreign aid have been retaining the region from a deeper and more effective stage of regionalism.

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