research and development

  • Israeli Innovation Policy: an Important Instrument of Perusing Political Interest at the Global Stage

    Author: Karolina Olszewska
    E-mail: karolina.olszewska@uwr.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Wroclaw (Poland)
    Author: Joanna Dyduch
    E-mail: joanna.dyduch@uwr.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Wroclaw (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 265–283
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018208
    PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018208.pdf

    Israel is perceived in the international environment as one of the top leaders in innovation. This is proven by the progressively high position of this country in international rankings and the participation of Israeli scientists and technologists in prestigious international programs. In this article, we claim that the aims of Israeli innovation policy, which has the biggest impact on the shape and content of the innovation ecosystem, are highly politicized. The status quo driven by the key assumption of the state strategy, according to which obtaining a competitive predominance in the political international environment will be achieved through economic instruments, primarily technological innovation. Therefore the aim of this article is to critically analyze Israeli innovation policy and the innovation ecosystem, paying special attention to the state interest and the government activities in this realm. For the purpose of this analysis, some basic assumptions of the neoliberal economy redefined by Arie Krampf will be utilized. Furthermore, to better describe and explain the link between politics and economy in the Israeli innovation ecosystem we will refer to the K.N. Waltz considerations on mechanisms of the political and economic system in a globalizing world.

  • Education and Science and Its Importance in Process of Supporting Economic Growth and Competitiveness in the European Union and Slovak Republic

    Author: Peter Čajka
    E-mail: peter.cajka@umb.sk
    Institution: Matej Bel University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0568-394X
    Author: Lucia Rýsová
    E-mail: lucia.rysova@umb.sk
    Institution: Matej Bel University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/00000003-2965-1162
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-34
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201901
    PDF: rop/2019/rop201901.pdf

    As a part of its long-term strategic objectives, the European Union has set efforts to increase internal cohesion, improve economic growth levels, which will strengthen its position in the world economy area and also strengthen its competitiveness vis-à-vis other key players in the world economy. The level and quality of education, as well as the level and quality of science and research, are key areas for achieving this goal. Thus, the main attention at the level of the European Union and its individual member states should be focused on the implementation of systemic measures aimed at improving the educational process and research activities in all aspects (legislative, personnel, financial, procedural, etc.). The article focuses on the definition and analysis of the main developmental trends and tendencies in the area of education and support of science and research in the area of the European Union and the Slovak Republic.

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