Romania

  • Stosunki polsko-rumuńskie w latach 2009–2017. Wybrane problemy

    Author: Karolina Kotulewicz-Wisińska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7416-4898
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 141-157
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm201807
    PDF: ksm/23/ksm201807.pdf

    The article concerns selected problems in the bilateral cooperation between Poland and Romania in 2009–2017. The study attempts to identify the challenges these countries face and how they take action in this regard. The article presents the problem of political and economic cooperation between Poland and Romania in the examined period of time. Issues such as cooperation in the area of external security, energy security or cooperation within the framework of the Three Seas Initiative were discussed. It is important that the joint activities undertaken by Romania and Poland contribute to increasing the attractiveness of the region of Central and Eastern Europe.

  • Bukowina rumuńska jako centrum i peryferie – wyzwania i szanse. Perspektywa polska

    Author: Maciej Szczurowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3954-5772
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 28-39
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip202003
    PDF: cip/18/cip1803.pdf

    Koncepcja centrum i peryferii dotyczy opisu wybranego fragmentu otaczającej rzeczywistości za pomocą modelu asymetrycznych stosunków przestrzennych zachodzących w różnych sferach życia: społecznej, gospodarczej, politycznej, militarnej, kulturowej i innych – charakteryzujących zależność obszarów peryferyjnych od dominującego centrum. Bukowina bez wątpienia spełnia kryteria centrum w kwestii koncentracji życia społeczno-kulturowego mniejszości polskiej w Rumunii. Kolejny atrybut „polskiej” Bukowiny jako przyszłego centrum to rozwój na terenie regionu zróżnicowanej, w tym wysoce specjalistycznej, infrastruktury usługowej, głównie o charakterze turystyczno-hotelarskim. Jest wreszcie Bukowina miejscem koncentracji części polskiego dziedzictwa kulturowego. Z drugiej strony Bukowina to peryferie, głównie w ujęciu geograficzno-politycznym i administracyjnym. Jednak kresowość tego regionu skutkuje szczególnymi cechami miejscowej mniejszości polskiej, charakterystycznymi dla tego typu społeczności.

  • Autonomie terytorialne i kulturowe w Siedmiogrodzie. Dążenia i interpretacje

    Author: Karolina Kaczmarek
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4736-4990
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 89-107
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso210405
    PDF: hso/31/hso3105.pdf

    The article presents the endeavours on the part of the multi-national and multicultural population living in Transylvania to create, within a span of several centuries, various types of autonomies, be it cultural or territorial.

  • Adult Learner’s Motivation for Learning from a Comparative Perspective

    Author: Márkus Edina
    Institution: University of Debrecen
    Author: Miklósi Márta
    Institution: University of Debrecen
    Author: Barabási Tünde
    Institution: Babes-Bolyai University, Romania
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 123-136
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.63.1.10
    PDF: tner/202101/tner6310.pdf

    This paper presents the results of our research related to the motivation of the adults when learning. Our analysis is focused on the comparison of the motivational features of adults learning process in four Eastern and Central European countries (Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine). The research is based on a qualitative survey. We used questionnaire of our design to learn about their motivation to participate in trainings, their interest and the possible hindrances. The subjects of the study are adult learners from the mentioned countries (N=556) who were in contact with the research partner institutions. Our results show that the majority of the respondents looked for pragmatic opportunities in learning useful for work and life, but also wanted to develop their interests and expand their knowledge. No country-specific characteristics were found, and potential differences were only observable in some cases.

  • Cross-Border Cooperation within the European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument “Ukraine-Romania-Moldova”

    Author: Oleksandr Sokolovskyy
    Institution: Lviv Polytechnic National University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0515-2367
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 48-60
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/CPLS.20221.05
    PDF: cpls/1/cpls105.pdf

    Under the current conditions of expanding globalization, the role of cross-border cooperation in the life of regions and communities is growing and new opportunities are opening up to intensify economic activity in peripheral areas and increase their competitiveness. Cross-border cooperation is aimed at overcoming the negative aspects of the existence of borders and the consequences that have arisen in the border areas due to their location on the national outskirts of states and aims to improve living conditions. Among the main goals of such cooperation are: overcoming existing stereotypes and prejudices on both sides of the border; removing political and administrative barriers between neighboring nations; creation of economic, social and cultural infrastructure, subject to the formation of joint bodies, economic entities, centers, etc. The article describes the main aspects of cross-border cooperation between Romania, Moldova and Ukraine. Romania is an important partner for the countries of Eastern Europe and, as one of the youngest EU countries, has considerable experience that could help partner countries to carry out effective socio- economic reforms and fight corruption. Ukraine-Romania- Moldova cross-border cooperation is part of the European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument and plays an important role in developing mutually beneficial relations between states, addressing socio-economic, environmental and security issues, and is an effective means of Ukraine’s European integration. The Joint Action Plan “Ukraine-Romania- Moldova” 2007–2013 of the European Instrument has significantly affected the revival of cross-border cooperation between Ukraine, Romania, Moldova, especially the cooperation of local and regional authorities, communities and civil society institutions. During the program, more than 140 projects were implemented, which contributed to the development of transport infrastructure in border areas, energy networks, water and waste management, funded projects for cooperation between universities, research institutes and local authorities. There are positive dynamics of cross-border cooperation between Ukraine and Romania, in particular, important infrastructure projects are being implemented under the “Joint Black Sea Basin Joint Operational Program 2014–2020” and EU Joint Operational Program Romania-Ukraine 2014–2020”.

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