This article presents the question of freedom of movement under Article 52 of the Constitution. The author presents the legal solutions of freedom of movement in international documents and then in Polish law. She also points to an important issue for the Schengen Agreement on the abolition of controls at internal EU borders and its impact on Poland. She describes the reasons for restricting the freedom of movement, arguing that the ECHR emphasizes the inadmissibility of the arbitrariness of many indications of movement and freedom of movement within the EU. She notes that the TEU and TFEU grant every citizen of the Union the right to freedom of movement.