rządy autorytarne

  • Political and Social Problems in Venezuela in the Second Decade of the 21st Century

    Author: Justyna Łapaj-Kucharska
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 51-71
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.67.04
    PDF: apsp/67/apsp6704.pdf

    Venezuela, which is the country with the largest documented oil reserves in the world, has been plunged into a political, economic and social crisis for several years, struggling with recession and multi-digit inflation. In the second half of the second decade of the 21st century, the country’s economic and political situation deteriorated. Over a million Venezuelans have already migrated from their country, where there is a lack of basic everyday products, including food, medicines and hygiene products. In relation to this state, part of a discussion is not only the political or economic crisis, but also the humanitarian one. Venezuela’s internal problems also affect security throughout the Latin American region. International institutions and regional organizations are trying to undertake activities aimed at ending the dictatorial rule of President Nicolás Maduro and restoring the country’s democracy and the rule of law.

  • Freedoms and Human Rights in the Venezuelan Constitution in the Context of the Functioning of an Authoritarian State

    Author: Wawrzyniec Kowalski
    Institution: Military University of Technology
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7426-9593
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 151-161
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.06.12
    PDF: ppk/64/ppk6412.pdf

    The purpose of the article is to draw attention to the functioning of constitutional guarantees of human rights and freedoms contained in the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. The author addresses the issue of human rights protection, including the development of institutions guaranteeing their protection in the context of the authoritarian model of governance in Venezuela. The paper is a theoretical attempt to present the problem of the functioning of human rights institutions in Venezuela at the constitutional level after the seizure of power by President Nicolas Maduro. It also attempts to determine to what extent the Chavista camp suspended constitutional guarantees of protection of human rights and freedoms in Venezuela. At the same time, the article describes how the petrification of the system of power by Nicolas Maduro affects the state of human rights protection in the country.

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