Rzecznik Praw Obywatelskich

  • Sprzeniewierzenie się ślubowaniu jako przesłanka odwołania Rzecznika Praw Obywatelskich przez Sejm

    Author: Michał Bartoszewicz
    E-mail: bartoszewicz.micha@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Humanistyczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9189-5783
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 111-125
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.03.07
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6107.pdf

    Breach of Oath as a Reason for Dismissal of the Ombudsman by the Sejm

    The purpose of this article is to determine whether, and if so to what extent, failure to comply with specific duties declared in the oath of office taken by an Ombudsman before taking office is relevant to the assessment of his responsibilities. The Sejm shall dismiss the ombudsman before the end of the period for which he was appointed if the Ombudsman has misappropriated his oath. Therefore, special attention has been paid in this study to the effects of the Ombudsman’s oath. The article examines the content of this oath and the conditions of exercising the right to dismiss the ombudsman by the Sejm. Such a decision must take into account, in particular, the independence of the ombudsman and the rule of tenure.

  • Rzecznik Praw Obywatelskich a organy władzy sądowniczej

    Author: Halina Zięba-Załucka
    E-mail: hzalucka@onet.eu
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1646-3141
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 127-146
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.03.08
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6108.pdf

    The Ombudsman and the Organs of Judicial Power

    The author shows that, in order to protect rights and freedoms, the Ombudsman, with the help of various instruments and depending on the infringements found, undertakes actions with organs of the judiciary, on which obligations concerning the protection of human rights and other subjects have been imposed. This article reviews the forms of the Ombudsman’s relations with the Supreme Court, the Supreme Administrative Court, the Constitutional Tribunal, and common courts. Their aim is to raise the level of respect for human and civil rights. In this context the thesis of the article is as follows: in view of structural, legal and organisational defects of the state, the Ombudsman notes that new threats to human and civil rights appear, freedoms or rights granted to them are often taken away in a manner inconsistent with constitutional standards, and public authorities exceed the sphere of their powers in an expcessive manner. Allegations made in complaints against public authorities are often verified by the Ombudsman in the course of inquiries with his participation. The Ombudsman keeps his distance from these bodies, which enables him to influence them in the field of human rights protection, and above all to influence the individuals subordinate to them.

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