Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów

  • Czy Siciński działał sam? Nowe spojrzenie na przyczyny zerwania sejmu 1652 r.

    Author: Michał Zbigniew Dankowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 189-205
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2018.01.10
    PDF: ppk/41/ppk4110.pdf

    More than half a century ago, it has been proven that the author of the first practical application of the liberum veto institution was Władysław Siciński during the Winter Sejm of 1652. The opinion presented by the senior Polish parliamentarian researcher of the mid-17th century, Ludwik Kubala, about the reasons of the breakdown of the discussed Sejm has been fixed. It was pointed out to Janusz Radziwiłł’s activity, which was to use Siciński for his own political games. For over a hundred years, the position presented by Kubala has not been challenged, even though it does not have sufficient reasoning in the sources. It can not be ruled out that the current hypothesis is correct, but it is also necessary to look at other possible reasons for the precedential application of the liberum veto institution.

  • „W tej Rzeczypospolitej prawo królem, prawo senatorem, prawo szlachcicem”. Idea nadrzędności prawa i jej praktyczne konsekwencje w realiach staropolskiej przedkonstytucyjnej monarchii „mieszanej” (XVI–XVIII wiek)

    Author: Tomasz Kucharski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-7529
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 63-78
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.03.04
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6104.pdf

    The presented article is devoted to using present-day legal terminology in scientific research on pre-modern and pre-constitutional states’ legal systems. The main focus of analysis is the rule of law principle existence between the 16th and 18th centuries in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The author tries to establish whether this is even justified to use the modern idea of the rule of law to describe the Polish-Lithuanian pre-partitions political system? And, if so, how technically do that to avoid presentism? The author tries to formulate a set of features concerned with the rule of law principle applicable to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He also tries to determine the set of conditions necessary for the rule of law principle to blossom in pre-modern reality fully

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