sądy konstytucyjne

  • Obsadzanie składu sądu konstytucyjnego w Polsce i w innych państwach Europy Środkowej i Wschodniej w kontekście jego niezależności

    Author: Marek Jarentowski
    E-mail: m.jarentowski@uksw.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 201-223
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.05.12
    PDF: ppk/39/ppk3912.pdf

    Constitutional courts, in order to perform their function of the constitutional review, should be independent of the creator of that law. Independence can be operationalized as a mechanism for filling and changing the composition of courts as defined in the legislation, and also as a difficulty in changing these rules. In this perspective one can describe the extent of independence of the Polish constitutional court against the background of courts in other countries of Central and Eastern Europe. It can be said that there is a field to increase the independence of the Polish court, eg by increasing the diversity of entities entitled to fill the court or by introducing regular rotation in the positions of the judges at specific dates (instead of individual mandates). But the greatest degree of court independence threatens, compliant with constitution or inconstitutional interference in the composition and constitutional court system, done in the interest of the ruling majority that makes this interference.

  • Władza sądownicza w wybranych państwach postjugosłowiańskich (Słowenia, Chorwacja)

    Author: Jacek Wojnicki
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-40
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2013.04.01
    PDF: ppk/16/ppk1601.pdf

    The government in the Republic of Slovenia is organized on the principle of separation of powers into legislative, executive and judicial branches. Judicial power is exercised by the courts. The judiciary is autonomous and independent. The courts administer justice according to the Constitution and law, as well as according to international agreements and treaties in force. Judges and lay assessors participate in the administration of justice in conformity with the law. In the Republic of Slovenia the administration of justice is carried out by 44 district courts, 11 regional courts, 4 higher courts: labour courts and social court, Higher Labour and Social Court, the Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia and the Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia. In addition to courts with general jurisdiction, there are 4 labour courts and 1 social court. There are responsible for ruling on individual and collective labour-related disputes and on social disputes. For second-degree ruling the Higher Labour and Social Court is responsible.

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