safety

  • Lider bezpieczeństwa

    Author: Lilla Młodzik
    Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7845-5329
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 104-116
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181905
    PDF: npw/19/npw1905.pdf

    The leader of the safety

    Analysis of achievements of theories about the safety and management studies is pointing at resemblances in appearing paradigms. New paradigm associated with such notions is one of them as: boundless organization, flexibility, networks of the value, subjective thinking, deliberate management in the face of the tolerance of uncertainty. All exchanged variables refer to issues of power and conducting which it face is changing in the era information, orientated to computer latest achievements, easiness of communicating, dynamic space. One should rank the confidence, the openness, the credibility and the responsibility among core values of this era. For her representatives are seeking authority, but every authority is a subject of the criticism from their side. The structure of behaviours is never for straights rescuing the described personality model, but the compilation of characteristics of people and of social situations. In such different reality everyone who wants to lead the field must act. In the area of the safety he has a particular dimension. Own development of the leader of the safety, based on exchanged elements is becoming an obvious duty. Elaborating this problem constitutes the subject of the present text.

  • Znaczenie relacji rosyjsko-czeczeńskich dla współczesnego bezpieczeństwa międzynarodowego

    Author: Paweł Bielicki
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5015-6869
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 117-140
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181906
    PDF: npw/19/npw1906.pdf

    The significance of Russian-Chechen relations for contemporary international security

    The main purpose of my work is to present the determinants and dependencies that characterize the Russian-Chechen relations for international political and economic security in the former Soviet Union and the Middle East, especially the Russian Federation.
    At the beginning, I intend to trace the process of the Chechen war and consolidate the power of the current leader of the country, Ramzan Kadyrov with the help of the President Russia, Vladimir Putin. At the same time, I will present the geopolitical significance of Chechnya in the international security system. In the following, I would like to present the implications of Russian-Chechen relations for other countries of the former USSR area- Ukraine, where in all probability Chechen “volunteers” participated in the fighting in Donbas. Finally, an important element of this work will be signaling, that President Kadyrov, despite aware of the Kremlin’s dependence on many matters, especially in economic terms, is starting to pursue an increasingly independent policy, as exemplified by the growing islamization of Chechnya, the participation of Chechen the Syrian conflict, Kadyrov active participation in the persecution of the Russian opposition, and finally the defense by the Chechen policy of the Muslim population of Rohingya in Myanmar against Moscow abstemious position. I would like to present the possible consequences of the above actions for the Russian Federation. It is not a secret that President Putin, despite the declared support for Kadyrov, is increasingly disapproving of some of his actions. In addition, it will be reasonable to present the reception of Kadyrov’s activities in other post-Soviet areas.
    In summary, I intend to answer the question whether major changes in the relations of both countries should be expected – and whether and how any changes will affect the architecture of international security.

  • Bezpieczeństwo jako przedmiot nauczania w polskim systemie edukacji

    Author: Jerzy Gąsiorowski
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 182-197
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.03.11
    PDF: kie/117/kie11711.pdf

    The paper presents the essence of the education for safety. There were analyzed both theoretical issues and curriculum of the education aimed at matters related to widely understood safety in the system of public education as well as system of education in the Ministry of the Interior and Administration.

  • Kulturowo-społeczne zagrożenia dla bezpieczeństwa Polski na tle sytuacji europejskiej

    Author: Andrzej Woźniak
    Institution: emerytowany funkcjonariusz służby więziennej
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1851-9743
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 35-51
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm201903
    PDF: ksm/24/ksm201903.pdf

    The summary may not be so original, but I take the liberty of quoting Jan Czaja’s words which in my book are really accurate: „Summing up considerations on the topic of sources for Polish culture, it may be said that they connect - like opportunities for its development - with its opening to the world, what means opening both on global and mass culture (equating generally with commercial American products) and more and more advanced European integration, thus both process are not coherent. As a one, this process is extraordinarily complicated and conflictual. It is worth to remember that flowing with figments from another culture would be really dangerous, if it have met thoughtless and dull society which can afford on creative internalization but only mindless imitation. As Polish history shows, society was forced to life in the face of many dangers, its culture developed the best in periods of such dangers, mostly in places of their bigger closeness (for example on Eastern marches). Moreover, there is no agreement among theorists if dangers dominate or civilizational chances resulted from this opening. And at the end the nontrivial matter: opening for this stream from world (from West) is a result of our sovereign decision what makes the situation diametrical different in comparison to that one from the period of socialism when the stream of dominant culture (from Soviet Union) was a result of horrible war, Jałta’s matter and also political and ideological enslavement”.

  • Konstytucyjne prawo do bezpieczeństwa w świetle wprowadzenia stanu wyjątkowego na granicy Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z Republiką Białorusi

    Author: Wojciech Wróblewski
    Institution: Szkoła Główna Służby Pożarniczej
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3415-9485
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 535-544
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.42
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6342.pdf

    The constitutional right to security with regards to initiation of the state of emergency on the border of the Republic of Poland and the Republic of Belarus

    The article has been prepared to present the constitutional approach to the security problem with regards to the initiation of the state of emergency on the border of the Republic of Poland and the Republic of Belarus. The publication indicates the relationship between security regulations and constitutional regulations, makes a preliminary analysis of actions taken by the Republic of Belarus, and also indicates a cause-and-effect relationship in the context of regulating the introduction of a state of emergency in a situation of a special security threat.

  • Wybrane aspekty edukacji formalnej i pozaformalnej w kształtowaniu świadomości społeczeństwa w zakresie bezpieczeństwa

    Author: Izabella Grabowska-Lepczak
    Institution: Szkoła Główna Służby Pożarniczej
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4695-3993
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 90-106
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20213105
    PDF: npw/31/npw3105.pdf

    Selected aspects of formal and non-formal education in shaping society’s awareness of security

    Based on theoretical considerations and analyzing practical activities implemented in the area of shaping public awareness of security, the article attempts to characterize educational entities, non-governmental organizations and uniformed services that have the most significant impact on the issues discussed. The aim of the article is to present the process of transferring knowledge, shaping skills and competences in the area of security through institutional education and the activity of all entities operating in the process of shaping human security. The article presents a modern and comprehensive approach to the implementation of tasks in the field of education for security, the essence of cooperation between formal and non-formal education and its role in shaping the public awareness of security, taking into account its interdisciplinarity. It was pointed out that the condition for building a strong state security system is the education of an aware society, prepared to react to events with the features of a crisis.

  • Wpływ środków transportu na śmiertelność uczestników ruchu drogowego w Unii Europejskiej

    Author: Mariusz Nepelski
    Institution: Szkoła Główna Służby Pożarniczej w Warszawie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4183-8809
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 107-123
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20213106
    PDF: npw/31/npw3106.pdf

    The impact of means of transport on the mortality of road users in the European Union

    Road safety is one of the priorities of the European Commission, which is referred to in strategic documents of the European Union. For many years, ambitious goals have been set to reduce the number of road accidents and their deaths. Annual statistics confirm their gradual decline, but not in the amounts assumed. The aim of the research aimed at solving a practical problem, the conclusions of which were included in the article, was to demonstrate the impact of means of transport on the mortality of road users in the European Union. The main research problem to be solved by the quantitative and qualitative analysis of road accidents in the EU for 2010-2019 was included in the question: What impact do means of transport have on the mortality of road users in the European Union? Road accidents that occurred in 2010-2020 in all Member States were investigated. Nevertheless, statistical data on road accidents for 2010-2019 were used for detailed research. The resignation from the presentation of data for 2020 was caused by the lack of their reliability. The European Commission estimated that lower traffic volumes related to the COVID-19 pandemic could have contributed to fewer road accidents and fatalities. Seven main categories of vehicles that were involved in fatal road accidents were selected for the study. They include bicycles, mopeds, motorcycles, passenger cars, delivery vans, trucks (<3.5t), buses and coaches. Due to the significant share of pedestrians as victims of road accidents in the total number of fatalities, this category was also examined. The conducted research confirmed that the number of road accidents with the participation of the analyzed means of transport had a direct proportional influence on the number of fatalities, while maintaining the percentage ratio at an almost unchanged level. This statement shows that the goals of reducing the number of road fatalities set by the European Commission are incorrect, especially the vision of zero road fatalities by 2050.

  • Public Participation as an Element of Social Security

    Author: Daniel Urbański
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 193-203
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.06.11
    PDF: kie/106/kie10611.pdf

    From the point of view of social policy, the need of security is considered as the indispensable part of functioning and development of every society. Citizens’ participation avers that the inhabitants will have the possibility of taking part in making decisions about their own surrounding, which results in development of the sense of security. The actions taken in the social space initiate the existence of the selfaware civil society. This article’s main aim is to discuss the possibilities of assuring the social security through civil commitment and their active participation in the public life. The formal instruments that occur in the system of Polish law (i.e. a participation in the open debate, a participation in the elections, a legislative initiative) have been analyzed. Those instruments enable to the residents the participation and codecision making and, what follows, they contribute towards forming broadly defined security.

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