samorząd terytorialny

  • Selected Pro-Turnout Initiatives of Province Self-Governments on the Example of the Second Round of Presidential Elections in Poland in 2020

    Author: Karol Piękoś
    E-mail: karol.piekos@yahoo.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszow
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4545-5909
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 215-223
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.17
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5817.pdf

    The presidential election campaign in Poland in 2020 was unique due to the epidemic caused by SARS-CoV-2. A high level of attendance during the presidential election, influenced by the pro-turnout initiatives, was achieved. The article analyzes selected activities aimed at achieving a high level of attendance, the beneficiaries of which were local governments.

  • Chosen Dysfunctions of Political Practice in Local Government’s Activities

    Author: Marcin Dąbrowski
    E-mail: marcin.dabrowski@uwm.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8780-9715
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 405-416
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.33
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5833.pdf

    The paper presents four problems which constitute the most important problems related to the functioning of local government in Poland. The first issue concerns the unfinished reform of the political system. The author finds that the legislator did not implement fully the assumptions concerning the creation and functioning of local governments which are determined in the provisions of the Polish Constitution of 1997. In consequence, a contemporary political system is full of internal contradictions and does not function properly. Next, it was indicated in the work that the legislator interferes too much in the independence of local government units. Too many acts, which regulate duties and procedures, limit the autonomy of local government bodies which should determine their duties and objectives and allocate financial resources to their implementation. Third, the author finds that the permanent underfinancing of local government units poses a very serious problem. The system of financing is outdated and does not correspond to contemporary needs of local communities, which results in a decrease in investments and development and an increase in debt. Finally, the article discusses the issue of excessive politicization of local governments. The author finds that transferring political disputes from the central level to the local one is very detrimental and has a negative influence on the development and functioning of local governments.

  • COVID-19 and Direct Contact-Free Democracy - Experiences from Poland

    Author: Mariusz Popławski
    E-mail: mpoplawski@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5563-5308
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 603-614
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.49
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5849.pdf

    The purpose of this article is to analyze the behavior of local authorities on the issue of participatory budget in the situation of confronting the COVID-19 pandemic. A new category has been introduced here - direct contact-free democracy, which aims to emphasize the need to avoid personal contact while continuing the performance of mechanisms accompanying democracy. To verify the accepted hypothesis, an existing sources analysis, and a survey, in which more than 40 cities with district rights participated, were conducted.

  • Skutki zmian w systemie wyborczym organów jednostek samorządu terytorialnego wynikających z ustawy z 11 stycznia 2018 r.

    Author: Michał Klonowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    Author: Maciej Onasz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 147-170
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2021.69.09
    PDF: apsp/69/apsp6909.pdf

    Artykuł stanowi próbę oceny skutków wprowadzenia zmian w systemie wyborczym organów jednostek samorządu terytorialnego wynikających z ustawy o zmianie niektórych ustaw w celu zwiększenia udziału obywateli w procesie wybierania, funkcjonowania i kontrolowania niektórych organów publicznych przyjętej w 2018 roku. Autorzy weryfikują hipotezy postawione przed zastosowaniem nowego systemu w praktyce, dotyczące wpływu zmian na proporcjonalność wyborów oraz możliwości uzyskania samodzielnej większości przez jedno ugrupowanie w organach stanowiących na poziomie gminy oraz ryzyka całkowitej dominacji jednego podmiotu w tym organie. Ocenie poddano również wpływ ograniczenia możliwości wykorzystywania biernego prawa wyborczego w wyborach do rad przez osoby kandydujące do organu wykonawczego w gminie.

  • Kontrola społeczna w jednostkach samorządu terytorialnego

    Author: Bogusław Kotarba
    E-mail: boguslaw.kotarba@ur.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4466-762X
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 371-382
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.29
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6329.pdf

    Social control in local government units

    Local self-government is an important element of the political system of democratic countries. It satisfies numerous collective needs and also participates in the exercising of public authority. This makes it necessary to exercise control over the activities of local government units. The article deals with the issues of control carried out by members of local and regional communities, and focuses on the consequences of its legal institutionalization. An example of a new form of control was used, which is the debate on the report on the state of a local government unit. Both the institutional-legal analysis and the comparative method have been applied to verify the following thesis: legal institutionalization of social control makes it easier for citizens to undertake it, creates better conditions for controlling the actions of local and regional authorities, with the advantages of institutionalization of control outweighing its certain shortcomings.

  • Udział samorządu terytorialnego w ochronie praw człowieka

    Author: Marcin Mamiński
    E-mail: adwokat@marcinmaminski.com.pl
    Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki Euroregionalnej im. Alicide de Gasperi w Józefowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8046-6155
    Author: Mariusz Rudnik
    E-mail: mrudnik@autograf.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1404-0068
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 383-393
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.30
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6330.pdf

    Participation of local government in the protection of human rights

    Local government units perform a number of tasks which, in consequence, have an impact on the quality of life of the local community. Importantly, the tasks that are carried out by the local government very often remain closely related to each other, because the correct implementation of one task may be related to the implementation of other own tasks. This is also the case when local self-governments fulfill their positive and negative obligations in the field of human rights protection.

  • Glosa do wyroku Sądu Najwyższego z 28 listopada 2019 r., sygn. akt III CSK 275/17

    Author: Joanna Zofia Jagoda
    E-mail: joanna.jagoda@us.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5740-1815
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 599-607
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.49
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6349.pdf

    Gloss to the Decision of the Supreme Court of 28 November 2019, file reference number III CSK 275/17

    The thesis expressed in the glossed judgment that the poviat bears sole responsibility for the damage caused by the issuing of a defective administrative decision by the starost as part of the architectural and construction administration is, in principle, correct. However, this responsibility does not result – as the Court assumed in the commented judgment – from the nature of the tasks performed by the starost, but from the current legal regulations contained in the Civil Code (Art. 417 § 2). Incorrect determination of the nature of the tasks in the field of architectural and construction administration resulted in the dismissal of claims for damages against the State Treasury and local government unit despite the fact that at the time when the decision on the building permit was taken, Art. 4202 of the Civil Code, providing for joint liability of the State Treasury and of a local government unit for damages caused in the performance of government administration tasks specified by law, was in force.

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