Saudi Arabia

  • Koniec specjalnych relacji Stanów Zjednoczonych z Arabią Saudyjską?

    Author: Adam Gwiazda
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 96-114
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201606
    PDF: siip/15/siip1506.pdf

    The end of special relationships between the U.S. and Saudi Arabia?

    The Saudi special relationships with the U.S., unlike that of the U.S. with Israel, are mutually beneficial. Saudi Arabia sells about 10 million barrels of oil a day and all those transactions are denominated in American dollars, which helps that currency to perform the role of the currency of account (world, s currency) and has been of crucial help to the American ambition to dominate the global economy. On the other hand the United States did its part to uphold the relationship be granting the security to Saudi Arabia and other Gulf oil states. This was demonstrated for example in 1990 during Iraqi attack on Kuwait, that also menaced Saudi Arabia. At that time the U.S. deployed 400,000 troops in Saudi Arabia and expelled Iraqi troops from Kuwait. The priority of American foreign policy in that region has been to keep Gulf oil in friendly hands. Since the increase of the production of shale oil in the United States that priority has been less important. Another factor which has exerted an influence on the nature of the U.S.-Saudi relationship was the signing the permanent agreement with Iran in July 2015 on the limitation of the Iranian nuclear program and normalization of political-economic relations with the West. This has led to further worsening of the U.S.-Saudi Arabia alliance which has always been like a ”marriage of convenience” where behind the façade of friendship and harmony there is cold calculation of benefi ts and losses. That alliance will last as long as the potential benefi ts will still be bigger than possible losses.

  • Polityka Arabii Saudyjskiej i Stanów Zjednoczonych wobec wojny domowej w Syrii – zbieżność czy rozbieżność interesów?

    Author: Marzena Mruk
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 69-89
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2018104
    PDF: so/13/so1304.pdf

    Politics of Saudi Arabia and the United States against the civil war in Syria – a convergence or divergence of interests?

    The policy of Saudi Arabia and the United States towards Syria since 2011 is full of paradoxes. On the one hand, both countries are in favor of overthrowing the regime of Bashar al-Assad and reducing the influence of Iran and Russia in Syria, but on the other hand there are discrepancies in the approach of Washington and Riyad to the Syrian question, which was particularly visible during the presidency of Barack Obama. The issue of financing the opposition groups fighting in Syria, but most of all the problem of launching land intervention in a war-stricken country was among the contentious issues. The Kingdom, as an advocate of intervention, has repeatedly called on Washington to take more decisive steps to overthrow al-Assad and combat the so-called Islamic State. However, the other problems facing the White House and Riyadh, which affect the solution of the Syrian question, are nowadays a priority in the policies of the United States and Saudi Arabia, in contrast to the war in Syria.

  • Relacje czeczeńsko-saudyjskie (sierpień 1999–luty 2007 r.)

    Author: Kamil Pietrasik
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 55-66
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2018203
    PDF: so/14/so1403.pdf

    Relations Chechen-Saudi (august 1997–february 2007)

    In the article, the author presented the most important events relations of Chechen-Saudian from the middle of 1999 to February 2007. The author showed how politics looked like for example during presidency of Aslan Maskhadov’s, Ahmat Kadyrov’s.

  • Arabia Saudyjska: historie wybranych epidemii i prerogatywa królewska w walce z koronawirusem

    Author: Kamil Pietrasik
    Institution: Towarzystwo Azji i Pacyfiku, Polska
    ORCID: https//orcid.org/0000-0002-8579-0659
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 62-76
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020205
    PDF: so/18/so1805.pdf

    Saudi Arabia: Stories of Selected Epidemics and Royal Prerogative in the Fight against Coronavirus

    In the text, the author presents shows a short history of epidemics that took place in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and also discusses political decisions and a possible fight with epidemic of coronavirus. After analyzing the most important sources and information on the topic of coronavirus, the author proposes a thesis that Saudi Arabia is ready for an epidemic of coronavirus diseases.

  • The influence of the salafi movement on the political transformation of Egypt in 2011–2013

    Author: Antonii Palamar
    Institution: National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4927-8241.
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 144-159
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020411
    PDF: rop/14/rop1411.pdf

    Until 2011, Salafimovement held itself aloof from politics. However, Arab Spring resulted in an opportunity to create their own political parties. Egyptian Salafists were the first to follow this path after the fall of the Hosni Mubarak regime. The emergence of these parties proved to be beneficial for the development of Arab democracy. By their convictions, the Salafists are extremely conservative and more radical than the Muslim Brotherhood. Despite its conservatism, the political force used peaceful means to fight for change, attracted a significant part of Arab society to participate in legal politics, and also added diversity to the spectrum of Islamist parties, preventing any one force from claiming that it represented the entire Muslim community. But soon the rise in popularity of jihadist organizations, which call to fight for the implementation of Islamist ideas not by legal political, but by violent methods, undermined the influence of Salafiparties. In addition, discrediting of the Salafimovement was largely influenced by Saudi policy, the main purpose of which was to counter the Muslim Brotherhood inside Egypt. As a result, most of the ultra-conservative forces became Wahhabi, which led to discord within the Egyptian Salafists. The one part of the movement, which continued to support the Brothers, suffered a political defeat with them after the 2013 military coup. The other part, which sided with the military elite, as a result of these actions completely lost support among the population. This article analyzes the process of the Salafimovement entering the political arena in Egypt, the dynamics of its relations with the Muslim Brotherhood and the ideological differences between them. The article also examines the influence of Saudi Arabia on Egyptian Salafism and explains the main differences between Salafism and Wahhabism in the context of this influence.

  • Zjawisko otyłości w Arabii Saudyjskiej i prerogatywa monarsza króla Salmana. Wczoraj, dziś i jutro

    Author: Kamil Pietrasik
    Institution: Towarzystwo Azji i Pacyfiku
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8579-0659
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 78-83
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2022205
    PDF: so/22/so2205.pdf

    The Obesity Phenomenon in Saudi Arabia and the Monarch’s Prerogative of King Salman. Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow

    The paper presents obesity noticeable in Saudi Arabia. The historical and present condition is indicated, as well as the forecast for the following years. It shows what political instruments the Saudi king currently has in the fight against this phenomenon and what were the political movements of previous kings in this matter.

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