• Central and Eastern European Countries under Cyberthreats

    Author: Joanna Świątkowska
    Institution: Pedagogical University of Kraków (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 30-39
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/46-1/ppsy2017102.pdf

    The paper aims to analyse how information warfare can be conducted in cyberspace and to look at this issue from the perspective of Central and Eastern European Countries. It argues that this form of hostile actions will be increasingly utilized in the region. The main assumption, following Alvin Toffler’s theory, is that “information” – as an increasingly important element of modern societies and as their strategic resource – also serves as a significant tool of modern conflicts. Since information is nowadays strongly related to new technologies, mainly the aspects connected to cybersecurity are analysed. The article looks closer at different aspects of cyberthreats and explains their possible consequences. It may serve as good material for further research and recommendations on countermeasures that may increase security in Europe. 

  • Involvement of the Common Security and Defence Policy on the Asian Continent on the Examples of Missions in Afghanistan and Indonesia

    Author: Luiza Wojnicz
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 166-182
    DOI Address:
    PDF: rop/2014/rop201410.pdf

    European Union’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) is a fundamental example of comprehensive approach used by the EU to achieve its goals. Though CSDP the EU is able to carry out civil missions and military operations not only in Europe, but also away from it, in the farthest regions. Since 2003 CSDP’s missions and operations have been taking place on three continents: Africa, Asia and Europe. EU’s presence on continents other than Europe allows it to be perceived as a global player responsible for security on the international arena. Each of the continents is important for EU’s policies. It contributes to each of them as well as has benefits from each of them. The Union plays a certain role on each of the continents, which contributes to its position on the international arena. Focusing the actions of European Security and Defence Policy’s (ESDP) (at that time) on Asia was a crucial step towards the status of a global player and also meant a beginning of a new dimension for the relations between the EU and Asia in the area of security. Missions in Indonesia and Afghanistan proves too, that the Asian continent is particularly important for the EU when it comes to security.

Wiadomość do:



© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart