security policy


    The political transformation in Poland resulted in the reorientation of Polish policy in the field of understanding security. It found its reflection in newly defined policy directions, which were manifested in the search for new guarantees of security, development opportunities and giving a new character to Polish politics. The problem of ensuring state security in new geopolitical conditions is expressed in the adopted hierarchy of priorities for the implementation of the Polish raison d’etat. The implementation of the policy priorities means that Poland has a solid foundation for security. The Polish Army carries out many key tasks in it. The armed forces of the Republic of Poland became an element of the broad NATO security system. Building faith in defensive self-sufficiency, Poland distances itself more and more from Europe. Both threats and challenges require decision-making in matters of security and go beyond the traditionally understood security. As a consequence, Poland responds to both threats and challenges in the security policy of the Republic of Poland to a small extent.


    Civilian management and democratic control over the army do not only consist in establishing organs and mechanisms of control and optimising their activity. It is significant to determine and respect the role of the armed forces in the society, which would allow making the army a politically neutral instrument of legally functioning forces as well as appropriate organisational structures with strictly defined protection measures allocated to carry out the undertakings of the state and the nation. The position and function of the army in society should be based on the fact that it reflects the features of the society it comes from. In order to facilitate the effective progression of the process, the following aspects should be taken into account: in what manner the army reacts to the decisions and actions of civilian society; whether there are intermediary bodies between these spheres; to what extent the armed forces represent the interests of the society; and whether a soldier-citizen exists or if the two notions should be treated separately

  • Polityka antyterrorystyczna jako dylemat demokracji liberalnej

    Anti-terrorism policy as a dilemma of liberal democracy

    Terrorism is harmful to democratic governments and societies. In addition to the visible and the direct effects of attacks on bystanders, aim bombers are undermining democratic values, including the weakening of confidence in state institutions and laws that regulate their functioning. As a result of the use of violence can permanently give birth to create a socio-political divisions, antagonize certain entities and groups, and thus provoke conflicts thus destroying the existing compromises, agreements or arrangements between the parties concerned. In matters of international terrorism it is not only a challenge for the rule of law, but because it also applies to relations between states, poses a serious threat to security and stability.

  • Wybrane aspekty definicyjne cyberterroryzmu i ich znaczenie w perspektywie polityki bezpieczeństwa

    Cyberterroryzm stwarza poważne i szybko rozwijające się zagrożenia dla społeczeństwa oraz infrastruktury krytycznej państwa. Fakt ten wywołuje istotne zmiany w zakresie zapobiegania oraz zwalczania terroryzmu. Cyfrowy świat, w którym żyje społeczeństwo zapewnia szerokie możliwości dla cyberprzestępczości, ponieważ inicjuje i zachęca do wykorzystania ukrytych możliwości Internetu. Cyberterroryzm jest rodzajem przestępstwa, który jest skierowany przeciwko państwu i jego obywatelom. Obecnie sieci komputerowe są zagrożone i codziennie atakowane z powodu niezdolności do utrzymania dynamicznego rozwoju usług internetowych oraz szeroko dostępnych narzędzi i technik hakerskich. Jest to najbardziej trudne wyzwanie w walce cyberterroryzmem. Jednak sam termin jest często niewłaściwie wykorzystywany i nadużywany. Zrozumienie niebezpieczeństwa cyberterroryzmu musi zaczynać się od klarownego określenia jego definicji.

  • Is the Modernization Process Becoming a Challenge or a Threat to the Security Policy and the Armed Forces?

    In spite of defining the role of various measures of security policy implementation the weight of one has been quite unequivocally assessed for the current policy. The main position for contemporary Poland is to be taken by the armed forces.
    Under these conditions, the Polish Army has become a basic element of the defense system of Poland not only in terms of image. It is not surprising then that currently the armed forces have received a wide range of tasks regarding security – both internal and external. President Duda and the government of Law and Justice proudly show the 2 percent of GDP spent on defense and an even higher target, at the latest in 2030. However, this does not create a perspective that would allow “hurray” optimism. The key to describing the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland seems to be their ability to respond to the revolution in the field of military and the ability to modernize.
    Despite the plans of the Ministry of National Defense and declarations given in media, this process faces a number of difficulties. Not only do we create “abstract” visions of needs for the current policy, but we also offend our partners and those that are still our allies.
    The arms policy, so important from the point of view of this “self-sufficiency”, was brought to the accusations of lobbying, corruption, and fraud; not only do we not pay attention to our own needs, but we also create innovative concepts for the current policy that cause us to wander in dilettantism.
    It seems that the shape of the implementation of the modernization of the Armed Forces is affected not only by the current policy. To a large extent, the condition of the Polish arms industry is also a decisive factor in the absorption of modernization.

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