security policy

  • RESOLVING THREATS AND CHALLENGES IN THE SECURITY POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND

    Author: Jarosław Piątek
    E-mail: jarekpiatek@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 90-102
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201706
    PDF: rop/2017/rop201706.pdf

    The political transformation in Poland resulted in the reorientation of Polish policy in the field of understanding security. It found its reflection in newly defined policy directions, which were manifested in the search for new guarantees of security, development opportunities and giving a new character to Polish politics. The problem of ensuring state security in new geopolitical conditions is expressed in the adopted hierarchy of priorities for the implementation of the Polish raison d’etat. The implementation of the policy priorities means that Poland has a solid foundation for security. The Polish Army carries out many key tasks in it. The armed forces of the Republic of Poland became an element of the broad NATO security system. Building faith in defensive self-sufficiency, Poland distances itself more and more from Europe. Both threats and challenges require decision-making in matters of security and go beyond the traditionally understood security. As a consequence, Poland responds to both threats and challenges in the security policy of the Republic of Poland to a small extent.

  • THE ROLE OF THE ARMED FORCES IN SECURITY POLICY. CONTROL OVER THE ARMY

    Author: Jarosław J. Piątek
    E-mail: jarekpiatek@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 109-122
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201608
    PDF: rop/2016/rop201608.pdf

    Civilian management and democratic control over the army do not only consist in establishing organs and mechanisms of control and optimising their activity. It is significant to determine and respect the role of the armed forces in the society, which would allow making the army a politically neutral instrument of legally functioning forces as well as appropriate organisational structures with strictly defined protection measures allocated to carry out the undertakings of the state and the nation. The position and function of the army in society should be based on the fact that it reflects the features of the society it comes from. In order to facilitate the effective progression of the process, the following aspects should be taken into account: in what manner the army reacts to the decisions and actions of civilian society; whether there are intermediary bodies between these spheres; to what extent the armed forces represent the interests of the society; and whether a soldier-citizen exists or if the two notions should be treated separately

  • Polityka antyterrorystyczna jako dylemat demokracji liberalnej

    Author: dr Marek Górka
    Institution: Politechnika Koszalińska
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 62-89
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201704
    PDF: siip/16/siip1604.pdf

    Anti-terrorism policy as a dilemma of liberal democracy

    Terrorism is harmful to democratic governments and societies. In addition to the visible and the direct effects of attacks on bystanders, aim bombers are undermining democratic values, including the weakening of confidence in state institutions and laws that regulate their functioning. As a result of the use of violence can permanently give birth to create a socio-political divisions, antagonize certain entities and groups, and thus provoke conflicts thus destroying the existing compromises, agreements or arrangements between the parties concerned. In matters of international terrorism it is not only a challenge for the rule of law, but because it also applies to relations between states, poses a serious threat to security and stability.

  • Wybrane aspekty definicyjne cyberterroryzmu i ich znaczenie w perspektywie polityki bezpieczeństwa

    Author: Marek Górka
    Institution: Politechnika Koszalińska
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 295-315
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201718
    PDF: cip/15/cip1518.pdf

    Cyberterroryzm stwarza poważne i szybko rozwijające się zagrożenia dla społeczeństwa oraz infrastruktury krytycznej państwa. Fakt ten wywołuje istotne zmiany w zakresie zapobiegania oraz zwalczania terroryzmu. Cyfrowy świat, w którym żyje społeczeństwo zapewnia szerokie możliwości dla cyberprzestępczości, ponieważ inicjuje i zachęca do wykorzystania ukrytych możliwości Internetu. Cyberterroryzm jest rodzajem przestępstwa, który jest skierowany przeciwko państwu i jego obywatelom. Obecnie sieci komputerowe są zagrożone i codziennie atakowane z powodu m.in. niezdolności do utrzymania dynamicznego rozwoju usług internetowych oraz szeroko dostępnych narzędzi i technik hakerskich. Jest to najbardziej trudne wyzwanie w walce cyberterroryzmem. Jednak sam termin jest często niewłaściwie wykorzystywany i nadużywany. Zrozumienie niebezpieczeństwa cyberterroryzmu musi zaczynać się od klarownego określenia jego definicji.

  • Is the Modernization Process Becoming a Challenge or a Threat to the Security Policy and the Armed Forces?

    Author: Jarosław Piątek
    E-mail: tankpanc@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 36-48
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019102
    PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019102.pdf

    In spite of defining the role of various measures of security policy implementation the weight of one has been quite unequivocally assessed for the current policy. The main position for contemporary Poland is to be taken by the armed forces.
    Under these conditions, the Polish Army has become a basic element of the defense system of Poland not only in terms of image. It is not surprising then that currently the armed forces have received a wide range of tasks regarding security – both internal and external. President Duda and the government of Law and Justice proudly show the 2 percent of GDP spent on defense and an even higher target, at the latest in 2030. However, this does not create a perspective that would allow “hurray” optimism. The key to describing the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland seems to be their ability to respond to the revolution in the field of military and the ability to modernize.
    Despite the plans of the Ministry of National Defense and declarations given in media, this process faces a number of difficulties. Not only do we create “abstract” visions of needs for the current policy, but we also offend our partners and those that are still our allies.
    The arms policy, so important from the point of view of this “self-sufficiency”, was brought to the accusations of lobbying, corruption, and fraud; not only do we not pay attention to our own needs, but we also create innovative concepts for the current policy that cause us to wander in dilettantism.
    It seems that the shape of the implementation of the modernization of the Armed Forces is affected not only by the current policy. To a large extent, the condition of the Polish arms industry is also a decisive factor in the absorption of modernization.

  • Polityka bezpieczeństwa publicznego w działaniach rządu Beaty Szydło

    Author: Marcin Kulas
    Institution: Uniwersyt Zielonogórski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-3191-8618
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 21-34
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm201902
    PDF: ksm/24/ksm201902.pdf

    Safety is a basic need for both individuals and state organizations. Prawo i Sprawiedliwość is a political party that often declares providing public security. The aim of this article is to identify solutions concerning public security implemented by the government of Prime Minister Beata Szydło. In the paper, the author analyzes declarations regarding the provision of public security contained in the 2014 political agenda of Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, and their implementation after the seizure of power by the above-mentioned political party in 2015.

  • Permanent Presence? USA in the Security Policy of the Republic of Poland

    Author: Jarosław J. Piątek
    E-mail: jarekpiatek@wp.pl
    Institution: Institute of Political Science and European Studies
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4754-3371
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 92-102
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201906
    PDF: rop/2019/rop201906.pdf

    The consequence of systemic and political changes in Poland involved reorientation of Polish policy in terms of perceiving security. It was reflected in newly defined policy directions which expression involved a search for the new guarantees of security. The problem of ensuring state security in new geopolitical conditions is expressed in the adopted hierarchy of priorities of implementation of the Polish national interest. The exercise of the specified policy priorities means Poland’s obtaining a solid security basis. The Polish Army, the armed forces of the Republic of Poland, has become an element of NATO’s broad security system. The implementation of the policy in this regard by the Polish government has recently been more and more unidimensional. Only cooperation with the USA is at the target of the Polish security policy. Issues related to its costs remain outside its determinants. There is no reflection on being dependent on another egoistic player.

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