separatism

  • Przywództwo i polityka etnokratyczna w Tatarstanie Część II: Format przywództwa i style uprawiania polityki

    Author: Piotr Zuzankiewicz
    E-mail: zuzankiewicz@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski, Poland
    Author: Tadeusz Bodio
    E-mail: tbodio@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski, Poland
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 79-98
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016206
    PDF: npw/11/npw2016206.pdf

    Authors in this article present the findings of the second stage of the research project on the leadership and the ethnopolitics in Tatarstan. From the chronological and problematic perspective they analyze the transformation of the model of leadership in the republic. Much attention has been paid to the relationship between the format of leadership of the following presidents and their styles of doing politics. On the basis of the analysis the authors come to the conclusion that ethnocratism, which in Tatatarstan has been an important source of the political leadership of the leader and the local elite, seems to lose its ability to adapt and create and generates more and more dysfunction and pathology. Moderate policy of ethnopolitisation and Islamisation promoted by the leader and ethnoelite, which can be perceived as a major justification for its power in relations with the federal center, is being challenged by many social groups. The evidence of this tendency is inter alia the increase of the inter-ethnic tensions and progressive Islamisation of political life in the republic.

  • The Russian Federation’s neo-imperial expansionist strategy for the Post-Soviet region discussed using the example of the Russo-Georgian conflict of 2008

    Author: Marcin Orzechowski
    E-mail: orzechowski.martin@gmail.com
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7272-6589
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 30-43
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201802
    PDF: rop/2018/rop201802.pdf

    The subject of this article is the analysis of the conflict between the Russian Federation and Georgia in 2008. The conflict has opened a new stage in Russia’s strategic drive to make decisions and implement them in areas recognized as important for the security of the country, even if they are outside its borders. The Georgian case clearly indicated that Russia wants to maintain its dominant position in the entire post-Soviet area. The region of the Caucasus remains an extremely important area for Russia, where it wants to maintain strategic control. The author proves in his article that the main determinants influencing the policy of the Russian Federation in the Caucasus region are: maintaining the greatest possible impact on the internal situation of the countries of the region, the maximum hindering possible integration with the Euro-Atlantic structures, the largest economic dependence on Russia, taking control over key sectors of the economy, maintaining military presence, isolation of the North Caucasus from Georgia, maintaining a monopoly on energy supplies, interest in Azeri mineral resources, striving to take over control of natural gas transport.
    The Russian-Georgian conflict of 2008 was one of the elements of Russia’s demonstration of the consequences of maintaining its dominant position in the post-Soviet area. The sphere of influence extends not only to Eastern Europe but also to the socalled Putin’s doctrine extends, in fact, to the entire area of the former USSR.

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