• Beyond Vote Rigging: Common Patterns in Electoral Malpractices in De-Democratizing Regimes

    Author: Adam Szymański
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    Author: Wojciech Ufel
    Institution: University of Wrocław
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 593-617
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/47-4/ppsy2018401.pdf

    For the past decade in many countries in Europe and its close neighborhood we have observed different types of processes which can be named as “de-democratization”. The aim of the article is to analyze the state of elections as the crucial democratic institution which fairness and competitiveness have a substantial impact on the political regime. While Turkey as a “role model” for our analysis remains a main focus of the article, three European countries were selected for a comparison based on their relative similarity to Turkey – Hungary, Macedonia (FYROM) and Serbia. The following questions are posed: Are elections in these countries free, fair and competitive? Can some types of electoral malpractice and irregularities be identified? How does the state of elections in terms of their fairness and competitiveness influence the political regime? The main hypothesis is that in the analyzed countries elections competitiveness limited by incumbents can become a factor deciding about the change within the political regime in the long run (loss of democratic quality) and also change the regime (to a less democratic one).

  • Perspectives for Kosovo’s Accession to the EU

    Author: Aleksandra Raba-Schulze
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 98-111
    DOI Address:
    PDF: rop/2018/rop201807.pdf

    Kosovo, the smallest country in Europe, over 10 years after declaring its independence, still remains outside of the European Union. As one of the countries of former Yugoslavia, it benefitted from the process of European integration, yet compared to neighbouring Western Balkan countries it is at an early stage of stabilisation and association process. The paper points to the main problems that Kosovo is facing, both at the internal and external level, in the face of the accession process and future membership in the European Union.

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