• Kandydatki Kongresu Kobiet w wyborach samorządowych 2018

    Author: Katarzyna Zawadzka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 21-39
    DOI Address:
    PDF: npw/21/npw2103.pdf

    Candidates of the Women’s Congress in the local elections 2018

    The author of the article analyzed the activity of candidates recommended by the Association of Women’s Congress in the 2018 local government elections. It was argued that the key to obtaining the support of the Congress of Women were written commitments of individual candidates, regardless of which of the electoral committees started. The aim of the article was to verify the declaration of the Congress of Women that the association supports all candidates from (various) electoral committees, who are close to the idea of a congressional social movement. The issue of synonymous use of the notion of party and political character was also important in the context of activities undertaken by the Congress of Women.

  • The Family and Modern trends: How to Construct an optimal Model of roles Played in the Family

    Author: Beata Ecler-Nocoń
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 96-106
    DOI Address:
    PDF: tner/201602/tner20160208.pdf

    The modern family faces a  variety of ever-changing circumstances which greatly inhibit the selection of clearly defined roles or behaviours that might bring about the good of the whole family. The article describes three models which regulate the roles adopted by individuals within the family. The text defines the optimal method of role creation and selection as one which allows for the simultaneous consideration of not only the variety of possibilities, but also the needs of all family members.

  • Problem starości w literaturze japońskiej XX wieku na przykładzie twórczości Tanizakiego Jun’ichirō (1886-1965)

    Author: Marcelina de Zoete-Leśniczak
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 65-80
    DOI Address:
    PDF: so/17/so1705.pdf

    The Problem of Old Age in Japanese Literature of the 20th Century on the Example of Tanizaki Junichirō’s (1886–1965) Works

    In Japanese prose of 20th century, especially post-war prose, there was great Tanizaki who developed in his literature the problem of old age together with such its aspects as aging - related diseases, senility, loss of vitality or fear of death. The aim of this article is to introduce and describe the problem of old age in Tanizaki’s literature by giving as example his essays and two novels. In The Key and Mad Old Man Tanizaki depicts in great detail old age, aging - related diseases, loss of sexual potential, fear of death, or attempts of pursuit for happiness in the old age days. The two novels are the most detailed, careful considerations about old age in Japanese literature, as well as the example of a very bold depiction of increasing sexual excitability in people who are facing old age. The novel’s diaristic form shows author’s very intimate and special attitude toward time and old age. Awareness of death is a privilege that can free an old man from all social and moral restrictions - Tanizaki sketches a boundary that can be reached in the last desires of life. The author is also asking a question: is it worth striving for unchanging, eternal ideals, even at the price of losing one’s life on the way to gain them? The creation of the two novels, was preceded by a series of autobiographical essays, written in 1957-1965, which were an invaluable source of information about the writer’s last period of his literary activity. These essays - cited in the article, can be considered as the material for starting the creation of the mentioned novels, in effect giving them a somewhat autobiographical character.

  • Dynamic Geometry Environment to Enhance High School Students Spatial Skill: A Study Based on Sex and Gender Diversities Perspective

    Author: Ama N. Fikrati
    Institution: Universitas Negeri Surabaya
    Author: Tatag Y.E. Siswono
    Institution: Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya
    Author: Agung Lukito
    Institution: Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 111-122
    DOI Address:
    PDF: tner/202101/tner6309.pdf

    This research is an experimental quantitative approach that aims to determine the impact of sex and gender differences on senior high school students’ spatial ability through the implementation of dynamic geometry environment (DGE). Ninety-six high-school student participants were categorized based on gender and sex diversities. Data were analyzed using a three-way ANOVA statistical test and Tukey Test. This study indicates that sex and gender differences and the interaction between sex and gender differences significantly affect students’ spatial abilities. The male students outperform the females. The undifferentiated students outperform all students with different genders (feminine, masculine, and androgyny).

  • Psychosocial and Organizational Aspects of Didactic Achievement: Sex, School-type, and Self-esteem

    Author: Mariola Chomczyńska-Rubacha
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 150-160
    DOI Address:
    PDF: tner/201403/tner3712.pdf

    The results presented here are taken from empirical studies relating to the relation between academic achievement and sex, type of school, and self-esteem, as well as self-esteem and sex, school level, and academic achievement. Aside from specific issues, these results show, first, that levels of achievement and self-esteem in middle school show much lower values than in high school and primary school. Secondly, although girls show a higher level of achievement, there is no difference between their self-esteem compared to the self-esteem of boys.

  • Płynność płci biologicznej i performatywność płci kulturowej

    Author: Renata Ziemińska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 245-253
    DOI Address:
    PDF: kie/109/kie10914.pdf

    The distinction between sex and gender can be detailed by distinguishing several levels of biological sex and social gender: genetic or chromosomal sex, gonadal sex, hormonal sex, internal and external morphologic sex, phenotypic sex, assigned sex, gender of rearing, gender identity. Untypical modification on first four levels (during sex differentiation and brain programming of fetus, and at puberty) results in intersex newborns, transgender and other non-normative people. They are clear examples of fluidity of the biological sex and they question the idea of two „natural” sexes (nature turns out to be diverse and fluid). The fluidity thesis matches the social construction thesis, for instance, Judith Butler’s performative theory of gender. According to it, gender is created by a series of performative acts: words, gestures, outfits, make-up, hair-dressing etc. The analysis of many levels of sex differentiation process leads to conclusion that femininity and masculinity are two ideal types, and that biological sex is a matter of degree (one can be more or less female/male but there is no sharp distinction between the two) and sometimes indeterminate (intersexes, transgender people). The paper is a contribution to integrating recent biological findings about sex differentiation process with recent social theories about construction of gender.

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