• Instytucja przysięgi (ślubowania) a poszanowanie wolności sumienia i religii

    Author: Grzegorz Maroń
    E-mail: grzemar6@op.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 51-76
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2015.04.03
    PDF: ppk/26/ppk2603.pdf

    Legal obligation to take the oath may interfere with the fundamental rights of the individual, especially with freedom of conscience and religion. In the particular states there are various ways to remove these type of collision, for example, the ability to take affirmation in place of the oath-taking or the extraordinary admissibility of the oath’s text modification. The given options are anchored in the statute law provisions or in the judicial practice. Not always, however, the indicated solutions are fully responsive to possible conscientious objections. In the author’s view, instead of derogation of the title institution from legal orders, oaths’ texts should attain the “appropriate” form – ie. oath wording refers to a relatively universal values –and a certain degree of flexibility in the interpretation of the law is needed. The obligation to take the oath and obligation to respect fundamental rights may be seen as the optimization requirements, and the most proper way to remove conflicts between them in a particular case is to use the method of proportional weighing in accordance with the Robert Alexy’s theory of legal principles.

  • Sprzeniewierzenie się ślubowaniu jako przesłanka odwołania Rzecznika Praw Obywatelskich przez Sejm

    Author: Michał Bartoszewicz
    E-mail: bartoszewicz.micha@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Humanistyczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9189-5783
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 111-125
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.03.07
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6107.pdf

    Breach of Oath as a Reason for Dismissal of the Ombudsman by the Sejm

    The purpose of this article is to determine whether, and if so to what extent, failure to comply with specific duties declared in the oath of office taken by an Ombudsman before taking office is relevant to the assessment of his responsibilities. The Sejm shall dismiss the ombudsman before the end of the period for which he was appointed if the Ombudsman has misappropriated his oath. Therefore, special attention has been paid in this study to the effects of the Ombudsman’s oath. The article examines the content of this oath and the conditions of exercising the right to dismiss the ombudsman by the Sejm. Such a decision must take into account, in particular, the independence of the ombudsman and the rule of tenure.

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