• Profilaktyka społeczna jako działalność intensyfikująca odporność psychiczną

    Author: Karol Łukowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 211-225
    DOI Address:
    PDF: kie/133/kie13312.pdf

    Social prevention as an activity to intensify mental resilience

    Preventive activities prevent emerging social problems, using various methods and tools for work. This article will introduce the idea of conducting social prevention using paintball and survival, as tools for therapeutic work. Social prevention based on the elements of survival has the nature of recreational activities that prepare participants to take action in difficult conditions and to look for ways to deal with their own weaknesses. In research on strengthening mental resilience, I adopt the concept of grounded theory, based on interviews and participant observation. Social prophylaxis with elements of paintball and the art of survival has features that strengthen mental resilience, teach self-confidence and persistence. Movement prophylaxis uses human potential, energy, and verve to make the best use of these elements in the practical experience of life. Physical activity causes positive changes in human functioning and teaches how to react to difficult situations. The aim of the article is to provide research knowledge on the strength of mental resilience from paintball players who organize preventive measures. The developed materials will be used to build an alternative vision of spending free time for children, adolescents, and their parents.

  • The European Union and Cultural, Economic and Political Development of Minority in Central and Eastern Europe

    Author: Mukesh Shankar Bharti
    Institution: Jawaharlal Nehru University
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 25-53
    DOI Address:
    PDF: rop/19/rop1902.pdf

    This article aims to present the positions of minorities in Central and Eastern Europe since 1990. The analysis concentrates on relations between the various cultural and minorities group. The main outline is the concepts of minority rights and their multi-dimensional development of linguistic minorities and social development. There is a broad description of the social development of Roma in Central and Eastern Europe. Eastern European democracy promoters have made extensive use of their bilateral diplomatic channels to allow democratization laggards in the post-communist space a glimpse of what democracy looks like close to home and to give them encouragement and know-how to move forward with reforms.

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