social justice

  • Otfried Höffe’s Theory of Social Justice

    Author: Liudmyla Sytnichenko
    Institution: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Ukraine)
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 23-31
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2015003
    PDF: ppsy/44/ppsy2015003.pdf

    The problem of justice, one of the key problems of contemporary political philosophy, is reconsidered in the light of a new paradigm: Otfried Höffe’s theory of transcendental exchange. The main research question is how this theory influences our understanding of the ways of formation of just moral and legal grounds in contemporary society. In order to understand justice adequately, it is important to regard it as personal responsibility, deeply related to attitudes of solidarity and recognition. There is an attempt to fuse moral and material grounds of social existence in order to overcome social injustice. Freedom and justice are rooted in the living world and are based on formal norms and procedures of morality and law. This gives us methodological grounds for understanding Höffe’s philosophy of political justice, which regards freedom and justice as the main conditions of human existence.

  • Zmiany sensu pojęcia „sprawiedliwości społecznej” w perspektywie celów państwa socjalnego

    Author: Andrzej Stoiński
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 51-65
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201603
    PDF: siip/15/siip1503.pdf

    Changes of the meaning of „social justice” concept in the face of the welfare state purposes

    Since the 40’s of the nineteenth century the term “social justice” has played an increasing role in political reflection. The main subject of this paper is a meaning ascribed to the idea of “social justice” in the face of goals of welfare state. From this point of view very important are various senses of the notion. It can be distinguished in this area at least two related aspects. The first refers to characteristic of the justice itself. It can be described as a virtue, norm or right. The second one applies to the particular type of justice identified with social justice. In this respect relevant are: legal, distributive and retributive (or commutative) justice. Aside from that, social justice is also treated as an idea of equality or solidarity in social environment.

  • The State of Social Investment as a Derivation of the Welfare State

    Author: Agnieszka Makarewicz-Marcinkiewicz
    Institution: University of Wrocław
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 169-184
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.63.11
    PDF: apsp/63/apsp6311.pdf

    According to Anthony Giddens, the state of social investment was to be the third way between neoliberalism and the post-war welfare state, the quintessence of a future-oriented approach in which the state becomes an entrepreneur. In this concept, state expenditures are perceived as a form of investment in human capital and understood as positive prosperity. The implementation of the state of social investment entails the phenomenon of citizenship of responsible risk recipients. In the literature on social investments, the reflection is repeated that this model is the result of the need to respond to the radically changed economic and social order, including the challenges of a globalized knowledge-based economy. The model encourages active participation in the search for solutions for social structural changes, such as aging population, changing the family model or the labour market. Despite the fact that the social investment model is based on the free market perceived as the most suitable for the organisation of societies, this is no longer the so-called inexorable market. It emphasizes the need for government intervention and targeting market forces to improve both economic and social performance. The aim of the article is to verify the thesis about the investment paradigm of social policy between free-market mechanisms and the welfare state, two extremely different interpretations of contemporary socioeconomic reality.

  • Law in “Times of Crisis” and Social Justice - General Remarks in the Era of COVID-19

    Author: Krzysztof Wygoda
    E-mail: krzysztof.wygoda@uwr.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Wrocław
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0997-5512
    Author: Dariusz Wasiak
    E-mail: dariusz.wasiak@wsb.wroclaw.pl
    Institution: WSB University in Wrocław
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6057-7475
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 235-244
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.19
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5819.pdf

    The purpose of the article is to signal that actions aimed at implementing the principle of social justice (in the context of Article 2 of the Polish Constitution) require the legislator to consider a number of variables. It is particularly about the principle of equality and guaranteeing an appropriate level of security (including social security), as well as respect for acquired rights and trust in the state and law. Legislative actions that result in legitimate securitization of the law may of course lead to the limitation of the principle of social justice, as long as they take into account the objective needs of safety and health protection. The use of inadequate measures by the legislator or the creation of apparent threats and the related fear by the power apparatus will evoke a deep sense of injustice and lead to violent opposition from society.

  • The Constitutional Principle of Social Justice and Its Impact on the Understanding of Equity in Civil Law

    Author: Adam Doliwa
    E-mail: adoliwa@uwb.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Białystok
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0752-7708
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 367-378
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.30
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5830.pdf

    The subject of the article is an analysis of the impact of the constitutional principle of social justice on the understanding of the principle of equity in civil law and, consequently, on the practical application of regulations that contain the general clause governing the principles of social coexistence. Assuming a universal nature of the axiological basis of the legal system in Poland, and the radiation of constitutional principles and values onto statutory law, the author, using a method involving analytical and functional analysis of legal texts and court rulings, comes to the conclusion that adjudication in civil cases should, to some extent, in addition to protection of individual rights and interests, concern the protection of social interests.

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