social sciences

  • European Identity and Populism

    Author: Maria Ewa Szatlach
    Institution: University of Bydgoszcz
    Year of publication: 2007
    Source: Show
    Pages: 69-90
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007005
    PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007005.pdf

    Identity as a theoretical concept in social sciences has evolved from a status of derivative importance into an essential and autonomous notion performing at present an important role that explains some processes of the contemporary world. According to Renata Dopierała, generally identity can be defined as a reflective attitude of an individual to himself, created by the necessity of self-characteristic building a system of ideas, opinions, convictions, etc., that corresponds with the given social context. However, the answer to the question: What is identity?, is not so obvious as some can expect. The relationship between identity, interests, preferences, and loyalty is also not so clear. Shortly speaking, identity can be also perceived as a self-conception rooted in the society, our attitude and relation to others. Its integral parts are two main components: individual and social.

  • Impact of Scholarly Publications and the Selected Socio-Demographic Factors

    Author: Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
    E-mail: j.piechowiak@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
    Author: Bartłomiej Michalak
    E-mail: Bartlomiej.Michalak@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
    Author: Katarzyna Kącka
    E-mail: kkacka@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 164-177
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.13
    PDF: tner/201802/tner20180213.pdf

    In a dynamically developing scientific environment, there is a tendency toward creating mechanisms that objectively evaluate the output of individual scientific units. Selected indicators can be applied, inter alia, to work out specific criteria for awarding funds for scientific research activities. One of the most important indicators used is the impact of researchers’ publications, which today determines the overall outcome of the evaluation of a research unit. The key question in this context is whether any socio-demographic factors are correlated with the impact of the scholarship work of individual researchers and, if yes, what those indicators are, specifically. The purpose of this study was to determine the existence and, if confirmed, the nature of correlation between the impact of researchers’ publications and selected socio-demographic factors such as: age, gender and family status. The study sample included all the academic employees of the Faculty of Political Sciences and International Studies, Nicolaus Copernicus University, in Toruń (Poland). The results demonstrated that the socio-demographic factors considered showed little correlation with publications’ impactfulness as measured in the Polish evaluation system of research units.

  • Od liniowości do złożoności. Nowy paradygmat w naukach społecznych i politycznych

    Author: Monika Wichłacz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 50–63
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.51.03
    PDF: apsp/51/apsp5103.pdf

    Artykuł stanowi krótkie omówienie zagadnienia złożoności w naukach społecznych i politycznych. Zawiera refleksję dotyczącą paradygmatycznych wyzwań, przed jakimi stoi dyscyplina nauk społecznych, które zostały zaprezentowane w Raporcie Komisji Gulbenkiana na rzecz restrukturyzacji nauk społecznych. Postuluje on przełamanie przestarzałego podziału pomiędzy naukami przyrodniczymi i społecznymi oraz wprowadzenie bardziej holistycznego, interdyscyplinarnego podejścia do badanych zjawisk, struktur i procesów. W artykule staram się dowieść, że jest to możliwe do osiągnięcia dzięki szerszej adaptacji paradygmatu złożoności. Zostały przedstawione podstawowe założenia teorii złożoności, zwłaszcza w kontekście jej relacji z teorią chaosu, oraz cechy węzłowe systemów złożonych. Ponadto zarysowano także pewne wątki złożoności obecne w badaniach politologicznych.

  • Integrated Character Education in Social Sciences with Contextual Teaching and Learning Approach

    Author: Hardianto Rahman
    E-mail: syamsult@yahoo.com
    Institution: Universitas Negeri Makassar
    Author: Syamsul Bachri Thalib
    E-mail: antols.hr@gmail.com
    Institution: Universitas Negeri Makassar
    Author: Alimuddin Mahmud
    E-mail: ali_abkin@yahoo.co.id
    Institution: Universitas Negeri Makassar
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 53-64
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.04
    PDF: tner/201702/tner20170204.pdf

    The presented study aims at increasing positive attitude of students as good citizens through the integration of character education in social studies with CTL approach. This research was classroom action research and the subjects of this research were 38 fifth-grade pupils of Elementary School SD Negeri 07 Panreng Sinjai. The study involved collaborators that were fifth-grade teachers who acted as the implementing action. Data were obtained through a test scale of attitude as the main data and supporting data were collected through observation and self-report. The research showed some findings. First, the integration of character education in teaching social studies is conducted by instilling the values of character education in learning with the social studies content and applying some of the components in the CTL. Second, there is continuous improvement of the integration of character education in social studies with the CTL approach from the first cycle to the third cycle. Based on the results of attitude tests on the citizenship subject in the first cycle, there was no student classified as very positive (0%), 44.73% of students were classified as positive, 39.47% negative, and 15.76% very negative. In the second cycle, there were 23.68% of students classified as very positive, 44.73% positive, 26.31% negative, and 5.26% very negative. In the third cycle, there were 18.42% of students classified as very positive, 78.94% positive, 2.63% negative and 0% very negative. Thus, the integrated character education in social studies can improve the attitude of a good citizen in fifth-grade pupils of SD Negeri 07 Panreng Sinjai.

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