Spain

  • The Crisis of Spain’s Political Elites – Systemic Factors or Mass Media Influence?

    Author: Agnieszka Kasińska–Metryka
    Institution: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 155–163
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014009
    PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014009.pdf

    The subject of the discussion below refers to the political situation in present-day Spain in the context of a broad systemic crisis (economic, political, values, leadership, discourse etc.). Moreover, it covers the media’s impact on the administrating elite who are also subject to the crisis. Th e research questions concern the nature of the interactions among the trifecta of political actors, the media and public opinion. The fundamental question is to what extent the crisis of political elites is a result of systemic dysfunction (a so called de-democratisation of political life) or an eff ect of the media’s activities, which have disclosed and publicised some of the dysfunctions of the above elites. This article will attempt to verify the hypothesis of the aforementioned de-democratisation process in Spain, the extent of the media presence in political life, and the mediatisation of their politics.

  • Promocja miast i regionów – hiszpańskie doświadczenia, polskie możliwości. Między fuzją pomysłów a transfuzją środków

    Author: Agnieszka Kasińska-Metryka
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 166-174
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201413
    PDF: ksm/19/ksm201413.pdf

    Polish and Spanish way of democratisations seems to be similar; however, nowadays Spanish government has to face up to the economic crisis. The main idea of the article is to compare political systems, especially how the local government invests money in so-called tourist attractions. As well as being useless, many of those objects are too expensive to be maintained. It is worth mentioning that some Polish local governments try to implement Spanish ideas (so-called “Bilbao effect”) to their environment, which is not only risky, but also unsuccessful.

     

  • IMPACT OF SPAIN’S DEMOCRATISATION ON ITS MULTILATERAL RELATIONS

    Author: Małgorzata Mizerska-Wrotkowska
    E-mail: m.mizerska-wrotkowska@uw.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 45-60
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201703
    PDF: rop/2017/rop201703.pdf

      The objective of this article is to analyse the impact of the Spanish democratic transformation on its multilateral relations. It analyses the strategies of Spanish governments in the transformation era and the process of accession to NATO, the Council of Europe and the European Communities. Source analysis and criticism methods (applied mostly to Spanish- -language texts), as well as comparative analysis were employed for the needs of this article.
      Based on her research, the author concludes that changes to Spanish foreign policy were evolutionary in nature. Therefore, it took Spain several years to regain the full confidence of its partners. Before any breakthrough changes could occur in the multilateral dimension, Spain needed to normalise its bilateral relations.
      The democratic elections conducted on the 15th of June 1977 in Spain was the breakthrough without which no accession to any important international organisation could ever happen. As the event clinched the state’s democratisation, it paved the way for Spain to join soon the Council of Europe. The accession process for the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation was more complex. The Spanish political scene was divided in that matter. Spain’s accession to the European Communities was the longest process. It was subject not only to the state’s democratisation progress but also to economic issues.

  • The Legality of the Catalan Independence Referendums

    Author: Michał Zbigniew Dankowski
    E-mail: m.dankowski@vp.pl
    Institution: University of Gdańsk
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 87-99
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.06.05
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4005.pdf

    During the last decade the separatist activities of the Catalan nationalists have intensified. Despite the enactment of the Statute of Autonomy in 2006, extending the existing autonomy of the Autonomous Community, Catalonia’s governing political parties strived for total independence. In view of the consistent attitude of the central government in Madrid refusing any concessions on the extension of autonomy or independence, the Autonomous Government of Catalonia (Generalitat) appealed to the institutions of direct democracy, calling twice for a Catalan referendum on independence. In both cases, the Spanish Constitutional Court declared the referendum unlawful. In spite of this, Catalonia declared independence after the referendum of October 1st, 2017, although the effects of the declaration were also suspended – a situation so far unknown to law.

  • Welfare State Support for Families: a Comparative Family Policies Analysis in Poland and Spain

    Author: Montserrat Simó-Solsona
    E-mail: katarzyna.juszczyk@us.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Author: Katarzyna Juszczyk-Frelkiewicz
    E-mail: msimo@ub.edu
    Institution: University of Barcelona
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 285-297
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.23
    PDF: tner/201804/tner5423.pdf

    The paper focuses on the analysis of recent family policies on selected programs and actions in Poland and Spain. The analysis was made on the basis of a comparison of three spheres of supporting the families in both countries: financial support, institutional support and conditions of parental leaves. The main data sources came from the OECD and Ministries in Poland and Spain. Results show that there are differences between Poland and Spain in terms of funds assigned to the support of families and children, in terms of the length of maternity and paternity leaves, the level and types of fi nancial support, and also the types of institutional support.

  • Constitutional graphic symbols of Spain and its autonomous communities

    Author: Michał Zbigniew Dankowski
    E-mail: m.dankowski@vp.pl
    Institution: Latin-American Studies Workshop in Roman Philology Institute of the University of Gdańsk
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1729-7595
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 341-359
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2018.06.28
    PDF: ppk/46/ppk4628.pdf

    Flags and coats of arms are graphic state symbols. They define national and regional identity. State and regional graphic symbols have a particularly important place in legal acts in Spain. Symbols of each autonomous community are listed in their statutes. Most of them refer to the rich historical and cultural tradition of the region. In only a few cases, it was necessary to create flags or coat of arms in connection with the establishment of an autonomous community in the early 1980s.

  • Reality and criticism of giftedness in the spanish education system

    Author: Andrés J. Muñoz-Mohedano
    Author: Miguel A. Martin-Sanchez
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 137-145
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2016.43.1.11
    PDF: tner/201601/tner20160111.pdf

    The paper tries to be a  critical analysis of and a  theoretical reflection on minority students: gifted children in the Spanish education system. To carry out this study and achieve the objectives set up, we took into account a qualitative methodology, framed within the constructivist paradigm in the social sciences. Being a gifted child in Spain is a problem because gifted children are not being adequately addressed, as the Ministry of Education recognizes. An objective analysis of the current situation can become a way of changing it. In addition, we have to pay attention to the principles and rights of the awareness of diversity.

  • The Control of the Activity of the Authorities of the Autonomous Communities in the Spanish Constitution

    Author: Michał Zbigniew Dankowski
    E-mail: m.dankowski@vp.pl
    Institution: Kolegium Jagiellońskie – Toruńska Szkoła Wyższa
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1729-7595
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 459-471
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.06.34
    PDF: ppk/52/ppk5234.pdf

    The dramatic events taking place in 2017 resulted in an unprecedented intervention of the Government of the Kingdom of Spain in the duties of the authorities of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia. The procedure for the fulfilment of constitutional obligations of the authorities of one of the seventeen Autonomous Communities, that make up Spain, was introduced for the first time in history. The sources of this situation should be sought in the conflict between Barcelona and Madrid, which has been growing for a decade, and reached its peak with the Spanish Government’s failure to recognize the independence referendum and the attempt to secede by the Catalan authorities. The situation showed the need to reform the Spanish constitutional system, in particular as regards the rights and obligations of Autonomous Communities.

  • Udział Hiszpanii w misjach bezpieczeństwa w Sahelu Zachodnim

    Author: Stanisław Kosmynka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 103-116
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.65.07
    PDF: apsp/65/apsp6507.pdf

    Artykuł prezentuje uwarunkowania strategii bezpieczeństwa Hiszpanii wobec Sahelu Zachodniego, szczególnie Mali, Mauretanii i Nigru. Przedstawia przesłanki oraz charakter realizacji hiszpańskich misji wojskowo-szkoleniowych i policyjnych w tym regionie Afryki. Rozważania zawarte w analizie wskazują na transnarodowy aspekt zagrożeń płynących ze strony ekstremizmu dżihadystycznego, pozostającego tak często w symbiozie ze zorganizowaną przestępczością, czerpiącą profity z nielegalnej migracji, handlu bronią i substancjami psychoaktywnymi. Zależności te są widoczne w odniesieniu do wielu państw afrykańskich, m.in. obszaru Sahelu. Artykuł podejmuje refleksję nad znaczeniem sytuacji tego regionu dla bezpieczeństwa południowej flanki Unii Europejskiej, a zarazem wyszczególnia przedsięwzięcia i projekty tam realizowane przez państwa Europy Południowo-Zachodniej (Hiszpanię, Francję i Włochy).

  • Dalla Sicilia alla Spagna, dalla Spagna alla Sicilia: Leonardo Sciascia scrittore di viaggio

    Author: Marco Pioli
    E-mail: mpioli@ucm.es
    Institution: Universidad Complutense Madrid, Spagna
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8457-6626
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 119-135
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IW.2020.11.2.7
    PDF: iw/11_2/iw11207.pdf

    From Sicily to Spain, from Spain to Sicily: Leonardo Sciascia as a Travel Writer

    The outbreak of the Spanish Civil War represented a pivotal moment in Leonardo Sciascia’s ideological development, as it pushed him towards an anti-fascist passion that would make him an engagé writer over the years. In fact, the news of Lorca’s assassination and Ortega y Gasset’s volumes had a lasting influence on the writer: he began to read Spanish and about the Spanish world, thus discovering Spain and its language, literature, and culture. In fact, it was a rediscovery, since, in the eyes of the Sicilian author, the common Arab domination and the long Spanish hegemony in Sicily had already connected the island and the peninsula in an intricate web of “similarities.” The present article aims to examine the distinctness of Sciascia’s Sicilian-Spanish imaginary that is present in the reports that he published after his numerous trips to the Iberian land starting in the 1950s. After having often been dismissed as paraliterary, those works will be analysed as travel writing so as to better appreciate them. Ore di Spagna, the volume that collects most of those journalistic articles, will be considered as one of the best examples of reporting in the 20th century, far beyond the boundaries of essay production.

  • An Outline History of the King’s Veto in Spain

    Author: Michał Zbigniew Dankowski
    E-mail: m.dankowski@vp.pl
    Institution: Jagiellonian College - Toruń University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1729-7595
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 545-556
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.44
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5844.pdf

    Although the current Constitution of 1978 does not include the right to a legislative veto among royal prerogatives, this institution has a rich tradition in Spanish constitutionalism. In the 19th century, despite the clash between conservative and liberal ideas, the King almost continuously had the right to refuse to sanction law projects. Only the political changes of the 20th century finally deprived the monarch of the right to intervene in the legislative process. However, under the current Constitution, all laws must be sanctioned by the King, which often causes political and legal controversy.

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