społeczeństwo obywatelskie

  • Does the Civil Society Concept Exclude the Possibility of Lockout? Considerations upon the Basis of the Polish Constitution from 1997 and the Standards of the Council of Europe and European Union

    Author: Hanna Wiczanowska
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 171-184
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.06.11
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4011.pdf

    One of the most crucial principles of democratic regime is the concept of civil society. The implications of such concept are also visible within the area of labour law as the right to strike has been perceived as its core element. The primary purpose of the presented article is to consider whether the application of the doctrine of civil society automatically disables for a recognition of lockout for the employers’ organizations within the Polish legal system as well as international standards. The presented paper will mainly rely upon the legal dogmatic analysis of the provisions of Polish Constitution from 1997 and international regulations. The author will also use the elements of the comparative analysis between Polish standards amd norms enacted by the Council of Europe and the European Union. The innovative approach of the paper is the complex analysis of the Polish solutions from the intenational perspective in terms of equality between labour and the capital.

  • Psychological Determinants of Civic Engagement

    Author: Danuta Plecka
    Institution: University of Zielona Góra
    Author: Agnieszka Turska-Kawa
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 268-283
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2017.56.17
    PDF: apsp/56/apsp5617.pdf

    An integral part of social discourse is discussions concerning the issue of how to motivate citizens to actively build civil society. Scholars search for the factors that develop and promote pro-civic attitudes. The discussions mostly refer to young citizens, as they are the ones that determine the direction of changes. This article presents a study following the trend of searching for psychological determinants of young people’s civic engagement. The researchers found that the determinants include two motivational variables: the sense of self-efficacy, and dispositional optimism. They also diagnosed the structure of values of individuals with different levels of civic engagement.

  • Civil Society in Sweden as a Factor of Sweden’s Image Attractiveness

    Author: Anna Kobierecka
    Institution: University of Łódź
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 82-95
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.59.06
    PDF: apsp/59/apsp5906.pdf

    In recent years, nation branding attracts interest of scholars and academic environment. In the era of globalisation, the need to care for propoer image and perception of a state in international environment becomes even more apparent. Soft power resources are a vital element in creating a strong nation brand. The aim of the article is to verify hipothesis stating that civil society can be perceived as a soft power resource used in building the brand. Therefore, the proposed research is conducted by analysing most significant branding rankings with respect to the positions reached by Sweden, used as a model state with strong civil society.

  • Budżet obywatelski instrumentem rozwoju kapitału społecznego

    Author: Mateusz Radziszewski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 131–154
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.51.08
    PDF: apsp/51/apsp5108.pdf

    Artykuł jest analizą roli budżetu partycypacyjnego w procesie partycypacji społecznej. Przedstawione trzy modele jego funkcjonowania prezentują różny ich wpływ na jakość kapitału społecznego, czyli cechy społeczeństwa objawiające się wysokim poziomem zaufania, współpracy oraz więzi społecznych między obywatelami. W celu przeprowadzenia analizy zostanie zastosowana koncepcja kapitału społecznego i wspólnot obywatelskich Roberta Putnama.

  • Socjalizacja i edukacja polityczna jako ważne determinanty kultury politycznej

    Author: Grzegorz Piwnicki
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 27-48
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201802
    PDF: cip/16/cip1602.pdf

    Uznaje się, że polityka jest częścią życia społecznego, dlatego jest również częścią kultury. W drugiej połowie XX w. kultura polityczna stała się obiektem analiz politologów w świecie oraz w Polsce. W związku z tym zaczęto postrzegać kulturę polityczną, jako komponent kultury w dosłownym znaczeniu przez pryzmat ogółu materialnych i niematerialnych wytworów życia społecznego. Stało się to asumptem do rozszerzenia się definicji kultury politycznej o takie składniki, jak instytucje polityczne oraz system socjalizacji oraz edukacji politycznej. Celem tego było wzmocnienie demokratycznego systemu politycznego poprzez przesunięcie z elementów indywidualnych na ogólnospołeczne.

  • Elity polityczne i ich rola w społeczeństwie w kontekście konstytucyjnych wartości obywatelskich

    Author: Danuta Plecka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8504-279X
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 259-269
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.02.14
    PDF: ppk/54/ppk5414.pdf

    In the general consciousness, political elites make a significant contribution to both shaping civic attitudes and consolidating democracy. Hence it is very important source of their recruitment, the authority enjoyed by (or not) in society, and finally determined the directions of its development, the principles of the political system and the measures taken to civic and political participation. The quality of the elite, their condition, on the one hand, is a reflection of the state of society, but on the other hand, it is a source of best practices for citizens. One can risk the thesis that political elites are a signpost of politi- cal behavior, whose source lies in civic values defined not only in the political culture of Poles, but also in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of April 2, 1997.

  • Samorząd terytorialny a podział władzy państwowej w Konstytucji RP z 1997 r.

    Author: Anna Chorążewska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2917-3119
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 95-109
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.03.06
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6106.pdf

    The Territorial Self-Government and the Division of State Powers under the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 1997

    Territorial self-government is an institution deeply entrenched in the fabric of civil society. As a result, the state should guarantee that institution’s right to evolve naturally, following the development of and attainment of successive maturity stages by Polish civil society. Consequently, according to the constitution-maker’s intentions, the constitutional regime of territorial self-government should not be an inhibitive factor for the natural processes accompanying the civil society’s development within self-governing communities, but it should allow for the ossification of such processes in territorial self-government laws. In this paper, the possibility of implementing the above assumption and the powers of territorial self-government are considered through the prism of the principles of the division of state powers and decentralization of public authorities. The considerations lead to the conclusion that there are systemic foundations for the separation of self-government authority within the vertical division of state power.

  • Samorząd terytorialny jako filar demokratycznego państwa - refleksje o idei samorządności terytorialnej na tle tradycji samorządowych II Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej

    Author: Anna Chorążewska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2917-3119
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 171-188
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.04.08
    PDF: ppk/62/ppk6208.pdf

    Territorial self-government as a pillar of the democratic state – reflections on the idea of local self-government in the light of the self-governing traditions of the Second Republic of Poland

    Territorial self-government has been widely analyzed in Polish literature of the interwar period. At that time, its three theories were formulated: naturalistic, state and political. The first one contrasted the self-government with the state, stressing that municipality is historically older than the latter and, as a result, independent; it is the state that derives its powers from the municipality, and not conversely. The second theory advanced a thesis that state power is exercised by state authorities, including through local communities with a separate legal status. Self-governance was thus to be expressed in the idea of decentralizing public authority. Although it identified self-government with state administration, the third theory demanded that self-governmental powers be exercised by independent officials, regarding their independence as a guarantee of effective exercise of the powers attributed to self-government. Investigations made at that time into the essence, nature, and form of self-government remained valid until the present day, determining democratic values as the basis for territorial self-government’s status in the current Constitution of Poland.

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