stare decisis

  • Znaczenie doktryny stare decisis dla sądowej kontroli konstytucyjności prawa USA – między stabilnością orzecznictwa a instrumentalizmem

    Author: Diana Pustuła
    E-mail: diana.pustula@doctoral.uj.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6627-4520
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 79-91
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.03.04
    PDF: ppk/49/ppk4904.pdf

    All American courts have a right to examine the conformity of legal acts with the Constitution as the basis for issuing a decision, creating a diffused system of judicial review. Court precedents and the stare decisis doctrine become the stabilizing factor of jurisprudence. However, it is not easy to make an unequivocal assessment of the role of the stare decisis doctrine for judicial review due to a number of factors that affect its significance. They include the formal lack of absolute nature of the court decisions, or the fact that the Federal US Supreme Court is not bound by its own rulings. The latter fact seems particularly important in the assessment of the subject matter in the context of considerable judicial activism and the way the judges are nominated and approved for, in principle, lifetime positions. In this publication, all the above-mentioned factors have been analyzed in order to assess the significance of the stare decisis doctrine for judicial review in the US as accurately as possible.

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