state security

  • The Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation

    Author: Michał Pietkiewicz
    E-mail: michal.pietkiewicz@uwm.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 505-520
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018305
    PDF: ppsy/47-3/ppsy2018305.pdf

    In December 2017 and January 2018, the Sejm and Senate, thanks to the votes of the deputies of ruling party Law and Justice, passed hugely controversial law amending inter alia Polish Electoral Code. Its adoption was opposed by the parliamentary opposition, by the electoral administration bodies and by many experts, however unsuccessfully. The enactment of this law destabilises the electoral system without a clear or evident need and treats the electoral code as a political instrument. Secondly, it does not provide the sufficient time for adaptation (vacatio legis), which may jeopardise free and fair local elections and the stability of the political system. Thirdly, the bill contains numerous unclear provisions and is in many parts written in a careless and contradictory way. Such amendments do not correspond with the European standards, described in the Venice Commission’s Code of Good Practice in Electoral Matters.

  • The Security of the Visegrad Group Countries in the Light of Interests of the European Union and the Remaining Member States

    Author: Katarzyna Witkowska-Chrzczonowicz
    Author: Maciej Serowaniec
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 82-94
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.02.05
    PDF: kie/116/kie11605.pdf

    The aim of the presented paper is to depict the approach of the European Union and its member states towards security in the countries belonging to the Visegrad Group. For V4 countries it is vital to implement such a policy that would make Western Europe aware of the threat and exert political pressure on the countries of the so-called old Union (in particular on France and Germany) to assume a greater responsibility for security and peace in the world as an international organisation and support all actions designed to establish real and effective common defence policy of the EU. Indeed, state security is presently ensured not only by the armed forces of a given country but also through the assurance of obtaining effective assistance (of different kind) from other states and international organisations guaranteed by international agreements.

  • Security as a Concept of Constitutional Law

    Author: Sabina Grabowska
    E-mail: s.grabowska@ur.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszów
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0530-708X
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 433-444
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.06.32
    PDF: ppk/52/ppk5232.pdf

    The subject of the article is an analysis of the concept of security functioning in the Polish constitution of 1997. The author presents the views of the doctrine and constitutional regulations in this respect. It also divides the concept of security according to several criteria: subjective, objective and sources of threats.

  • National Security and Public Administration in Modern Political Systems

    Author: Victoriia Zagurska-Antoniuk
    E-mail: kgn.zvf@gmail.com
    Institution: Zhytomyr Polytechnic State University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3334-4494
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 96-106
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020106
    PDF: rop/11/rop1106.pdf

    The article deals with the problem of national security in the contemporary world which is greatly influenced by the process of globalization and digitalization. The paper highlights the role of national security in modern state building. The following issue has been of great interest to many outstanding scientists worldwide especially since the beginning of the XXI century. However, the subject matter of national security in the system of public administration has not been clearly defined yet. Therefore, the paper analyzes the approaches to define national security and points out its distinctive features. Moreover, it emphasizes the fact that at the level of national, regional and global relations the concept of national security is often associated with security strategies. Thus, the article puts emphasis on the predominant characteristics that help to distinguish between these two concepts. In addition, the research clarifies the characteristic features of national security as well as state security. Security, like many other categories of social sciences, does not have a conclusive definition. What is more, the category of security has an interdisciplinary significance. Therefore, scientists define it in accordance with the subject matter and the specifics of cognition and research. Nevertheless, many outstanding scholars view security as an anthropocentric category related to man’s socialessence and value. Accordingly, security presupposes having freedom from the risk, danger and the threat of change to the worse. Most scientists agree that security is a constituent of every aspect of human life. Consequently, security issues consideration is of great significance. All in all, nowadays it is greatly important to achieve a state of security as our globalized society frequently leads to different challenges and dangers. The results of the research contribute to better understanding of the issue and make it possible to introduce effective mechanisms of public administration in the field of national security.

  • Constitutional Right of Citizens to Know about the Activities of Public Authorities from the Perspective of Selected Aspects of the Protection of Classified Information

    Author: Robert Zapart
    E-mail: robert.zapart@onet.poczta.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszów
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3590-1189
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 633-642
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.52
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5852.pdf

    The implementation of the constitutional right of citizens to obtain information about the activities of state authorities, in particular, in the sphere of state security, causes many problems resulting from the application of the Act on the Protection of Classified Information. The measures adopted in the Act, promoting the rights of the community at the expense of the rights of individuals, pose a risk of its instrumental use for political purposes. The reduction of the above-mentioned risk may be supported by a minor correction of the regulations in force, as postulated by the author of the article, which includes an increase in external supervision over the marking of materials containing information intended for protection, which does not undermine the grounds for restricting the transparency of public activities, permitted by the international law and by the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, and required from the perspective of public safety. The conclusion is that it is difficult to be optimistic about this area due to the observed reluctance of the ruling elites to voluntarily abandon the tools that give them an advantage in public communication.

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