• Ombudsman Institutions and the Judiciary in Sweden and Finland

    Author: Piotr Mikuli
    E-mail: p.mikuli@uj.edu.pl
    Institution: Jagiellonian University in Cracow
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 37-48
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.06.02
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4002.pdf

    The short article discusses the competences of ombudsmen in Sweden and Finland in relation to the judiciary. These institutions have controlling and supervisory powers in relation to courts of law, including the determination of the accountability of judges and typical competences of a prosecutor. The Author points out the necessity to read provisions of the constitutions and acts regulating the discussed competences in the light of the principle of the judiciary’s independence. Still, the supervisory rights of ombudsmen in Sweden and Finland are very well developed and may refer to issues approaching closely the sphere of jurisdiction. When assessing the solutions presented, the Author points out the fact that the ombudsmen in both countries have worked out respective practices aimed at such use of available means of control so they cannot be accused of a reasonable and too extended interference with the judiciary sphere.

  • Acceptance of Foreign Orders by the President of the Republic of Poland with Regard to Polish Legal Regulations and Practice of Bestowal and Acceptance of Decorations

    Author: Marcin Michał Wiszowaty
    E-mail: mwiszowaty@konstytuty.pl
    Institution: University of Gdańsk
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 283-298
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.06.17
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4017.pdf

    The first orders had been established and awarded by monarchs long before the republican concept of presidency was developed. The many powers which presidents took over from monarchs include, inter alia, the awarding (and revoking) of state honours. The issue, usually regarded as marginal, does not appeal to constitutional law scholars. Poland’s legal regulations concerning orders are hardly precise (this being particularly true as far as the constitutional law is discussed) and the fact gives rise to many practical problems concerning application of the country’s constitution and statutes from the field, quite frequently going beyond the matters of orders in the strict meaning of the phrase. One of the questions of the kind, not having become an object of interest to legal scholars so far, is the acceptance by the President of the Republic of Poland of foreign orders and distinctions received either within his capacity as the supreme representative of the State in international relations or as a private individual. The picture resulting from an analysis of practice and theory of order-related issues is hardly a coherent one. The following paper – besides due presentation – aims at sharpening the somewhat blurry image.

  • Partnerstwo NATO–Szwecja

    Author: mgr Bartosz Szczepaniak
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 258-275
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201713
    PDF: siip/16/siip1613.pdf

    EN Title

    Article characterizes relations between most powerful military pact – Northern Atlantic Pact and neutral state – Sweden. In this article is analyzing cooperation on military ground, non-military ground and it is also analyzing aspects of cooperation involving neutral status of Sweden, Crimea annexation and growing danger from Russia. Studies connected to main theme of article were based on official documents od NATO, press notes or official releases. Main reason of article is to answer on question if neutral state can cooperate with NATO and can we say that between NATO and Sweden exists partnership relation. Except of above issues, in this article I will try to define neutrality, neutral policy and partnership. After made analysis of available documents, emphatically we can agree that partnership between NATO and Sweden exists.

  • Sweden’s Image Policy in the Times of Refugee Crisis

    Author: Anna Kobierecka
    Institution: University of Łódź
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 187-202
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.64.11
    PDF: apsp/64/apsp6411.pdf

    Sweden has a substantially long tradition of conducting an image policy using both public diplomacy and nation branding. The refugee crisis is a significant challenge for maintaining a strong nation brand and positive perceptions of this country, mostly owing to contradictions between the declared values of Sweden’s image and nation brand and the real steps undertaken by the government to limit refugee immigration. The aim of this article is to discover potential correlation between the refugee crisis and changes within Sweden’s image and the strategy for promoting the country abroad, as well as Sweden’s methods and forms of international communication.

  • Johann Banér in Bohemia. The military implications of “Baner’s Blitzkrieg” to Bohemia

    Author: Lukáš Sláma
    E-mail: ukanius.slama@seznam.cz
    Institution: University of Jan Evangelista Purkyně in Ústí nad Labem
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0298-2653
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-37
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso210201
    PDF: hso/29/hso2901.pdf

    The presented study deals with the period of the second half of the Thirty Years‘ War in Bohemia that has not been closely observed so far. Nonetheless, it was a stage of the conflict, which had fatal consequences for the countries of the Czech Crown in the form of their great destruction and losses. The name of Johann Banér is well-known in Czech historiography, but only very little critically studied and evaluated.

Wiadomość do:



© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart