This article covers considerations related to the right to social security benefits under the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. Its purpose is to clarify the term social security and the indication of legal institutions that are part of social security, social security, so- cial supply and social assistance. It is reasonable to assume that the content of the right to social security benefits is to guarantee every citizen benefits in the event of incapacity for work due to sickness, disability, reaching the retirement age, being out of work not of their own will and not having other means of subsistence. The essence of the right to so- cial security benefits is to protect the citizen in the case of certain insurance risks result- ing in the total or partial loss of self-subsistence. This article also analyses the scope and forms of implementation of the constitutional right to social security.