• Figure 4 in Khayyam’s Rubais

    Author: Gulnar Fikret Novruzova
    Institution: Baku Slavic University
    Author: Rafiq Manaf Novruzov
    Institution: Baku Slavic University
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 111-124
    DOI Address:
    PDF: npw/16/npw2018107.pdf

    The article deals with the symbolic meaning of figure 4 in Khayyam’s poetry.

    Эта статья касается символического значения числа „четыре” в поэзии Ома- ра Хайяма

  • Zapomniany symbol. Zmiany statusu prawnego Chorągwi Rzeczypospolitej

    Author: Radosław Grabowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    Year of publication: 2012
    Source: Show
    Pages: 61-72
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/11/ppk1103.pdf

    The Banner of the Republic of Poland established in August 1919 was asignated to the Chief of State and afterwards to the President of the Republic of Poland. It was also used during momentous state ceremonies. The Banner of the Republic of Poland established on the 27th December 1927 was used ex¬clusively by the President of the Republic of Poland – with the exception of the funeral of Józef Piłsudski when it covered the marshal’s coffin. The banner was taken away to London in 1939 by President Ignacy Mościcki. It was used by the emigre presidents between 1945 and 1990. It was conveyed to President Lech Wałęsa on the 22nd December 1990 by the last emigre president, Ryszard Kaczorowski. Under the communist regime in Poland the flag of the head of the state was used. It was a banner based on the banner of 1927, though without a crown on ea¬gle’s head. It was introduced without any legal regulations. During President Bolesław Bierut’s term of Office it flew over his headquarter. It was officially abolished in 1955, though later on it was used by the prime minister and by the president of the State Council in the 60’s. In post-communist Poland a new flag was established, the present pattern of the coat of arms is consistent with that of 1989, though the crown was returned to the eagle’s head. Similar alterations affected the military flags and other special flags. One of the special flags is the Pennant of the President of the Republic of Poland, the pattern of which was defined in January 1996.

  • Biblioterapia integralna

    Author: Agnieszka Miernik
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 68-78
    DOI Address:
    PDF: kie/111/kie11104.pdf

    The main objective of my dissertation is to introduce the assumptions of the Jungian depth psychology to the bibliotherapeutic process. Bibliotherapy as an interdisciplinary method using psychology and literary studies enriched with the theory of integral psychology formulates a new theoretical perspective and constitutes a proposal of a holistic view of bibliotherapy. The extension of the theoretical basis of bibliotherapy will help to augment the therapeutic effect, activate unawareness (the sphere neglected in school education), and strengthen psyche. Integral bibliotherapy will create conditions to expand the dialogue between the rational side and unaware one, and it will contribute to a positive stimulation of the integration processes. Providing archetypal patterns reflecting the rules of life in culture, and drawing attention to the regulatory role of literary works, will enrich both the intellectual and spiritual side of the development of the participant of the bibliotherapeutic process. Archetypal content present in literary texts studied by the participant according to the bibliotherapeutic procedure will achieve an integral orientation focused on the humanistic dimension of existence.

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