Tajikistan

  • Polish FDI in Central Asian Countries

    Author: Krystyna Gomółka
    E-mail: Krystyna.Gomolka@zie.pg.edu.pl
    Institution: Gdańsk University of Technology (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 20–38
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018102
    PDF: ppsy/47-1/ppsy2018102.pdf

    Since gaining independence, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan gradually opened their markets to foreign investors. Before Poland’s accession to the European Union, the activities of Polish investors in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan were based on bilateral treaties concluded by Poland with those countries. Later, except Turkmenistan, they were governed by the partnership and cooperation agreements between the European Communities and their Member States. Despite the ample investment opportunities and favourable conditions for access to the market, the activity of Polish companies in these markets has not produced a significant effect. Poland invested with more considerable success on the markets in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. It made investment attempts in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, leaving out Turkmenistan. The reason why Poland has a weak position in these markets is the distance between the partners and inability of Polish companies to effectively compete with large multinational companies which have been operating there for years. In the Kazakh market, good investment prospects are available for waste management, petrochemical, mining and road construction companies. In Kyrgyzstan, there are cooperation possibilities in the area of modern agricultural and processing technologies and establishment of fruit and vegetable processing enterprises. In Tajikistan, enterprises can invest in petroleum and natural gas extraction and exploitation, the fuel market, processing of precious metals and construction of conventional and hydroelectric power plants. In Turkmenistan, Polish companies can compete for road, railway and housing construction contracts, whereas in Uzbekistan they can invest in businesses covered by government tax reductions.

  • Research on Systemic Transformation in the Countries of Central Asia

    Author: Tadeusz Bodio
    E-mail: tbodio@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Warsaw, Poland
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8873-7434
    Author: Andrzej Wierzbicki
    E-mail: awierzbicki@uw.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Warsaw, Poland
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5493-164X
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 111-133
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020307
    PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020307.pdf

    The article presents the goals, tasks, organization and major stages of implementation of the international programme of research on transformation in the countries Central Asia. The research has been conducted since 1997 by a team of political scientists from the University of Warsaw in cooperation with representatives of other Polish and foreign universities.

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