teoria polityki

  • Rewolucja nihilizmu. Narodowy socjalizm a realizm polityczny w myśli Hermanna Rauschninga

    Author: lic. Mateusz Ambrożek
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 42-61
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201703
    PDF: siip/16/siip1603.pdf

    Revolution of nihilism. National socialism and political realism in Hermann Rauschning’s thought

    The article deals with the political realism of Hermann Rauschning. Briefly discussing the historical backgrounds of Rauschning’s views, the theory of political realism with its version in the German author, the distinction of two types of realism, and the compilation of theory and practice. The author wanted to emphasize the defensive character of the Rauschning’s realism aimed at defending the state of possession before the National Socialist revolution. Rauschning did not require realists to create new approaches- it was based on the premise that continuing the policy of peaceful development of relations between states would sustain a prosperous situation. In the topic of two types of realism, Rauschning listed the perfect realism, based on the previously mentioned defense of state of possession and national-socialistic realism, which was based on subordinating the rules of political action to abstract purposes. According to Rauschning, such action distorted the sense of realism, because on the one hand it blurred the boundary between real policy conditioning and ideological flattening; On the other hand, it provided the opportunity to pursue a political scenario that was incompatible with the vital interests of the community, which fell under the jurisdiction of the authority. The author also listed extensively the dangers associated with the distorted use of the determinants of the theory of realism, which led to the loss of primordial significance by universal political concepts.

  • Reconciling Incrementalism with Policy Change. The Punctuated Equilibrium Theory in Political Science

    Author: Tomasz Czapiewski
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 37–50
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2015.48.03
    PDF: apsp/48/apsp4803.pdf

    The aim of this article is to explain current definition and application of punctuated equilibrium theory, which is as influential as any conceptual framework concerning policy process in political science, stimulating thought and research over the last two decades. Baumgartner and Jones borrowed the concept from studies of the evolution of species, but – as author shows – without operationalized definition, and turned it into a metaphor that can have mostly pedagogical use.
    Author explains how punctuated equilibrium is useful for analyzing policy change in political systems other than the United States, but in the European political systems, political parties and their preferences must be taken into account. It is also presented how punctuated equilibrium is in fact a much-improved version of the incrementalism theory, rather than an application of biological insights to politics. Author differentiate successful application of the punctuated equilibrium in the description of the policy process from the explanation of Baumgartner and Jones about how those identified patterns in modern democracies were caused.

  • Theoretical and Methodological Considerations on Raison d’État

    Author: Joanna Sanecka-Tyczyńska
    Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 51–63
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2015.48.04
    PDF: apsp/48/apsp4804.pdf

    The concept of raison d’état (reason of state) is very popular in Poland, and it will apparently remain relevant as long as the Polish state exists. The idea is commonly used in official statements by politicians, political journalism, and in various government documents. Raison d’état is an ambiguous concept, which results from simplified and often popular opinions on what is and what is not the raison d’état. Conceptual chaos, intuitive judgments and notions appear to be the reason why political scientists are discouraged from systematized and in-depth studies on this political category. The paper is divided into three parts. The first part discusses definitions of raison d’état and the accompanying problems. The second one deals with the theoretical aspect covering the subjective, objective, temporal and spatial scopes of the concept. Two new definitions of raison d’état were mentioned which diminish the importance of the nation-state at the expense of international organizations. The third part presents methodological approaches in studies on raison d’état understood in two ways: as a system of vital interests of the state and as a category of political thought.

  • Kategoria post-prawdy a teoria polityki : kilka uwag o problematycznym statusie modnego konceptu

    Author: Piotr Obacz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 146-161
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.62.09
    PDF: apsp/62/apsp6209.pdf

    Artykuł poświęcony jest kategorii post- -prawdy i jej wątpliwemu znaczeniu dla badań politologicznych w ogóle i dla teorii polityki w szczególności. W tekście przedstawiono liczne zastrzeżenia pod adresem koncepcji post-prawdy, przede wszystkim definicyjne i teoretyczne, jak również starano się wykazać, iż koncept post- -prawdy opiera się na rozumowaniu potocznym i nie spełnia kryteriów naukowości, co wyklucza post-prawdę z katalogu kategorii naukowych. Rozważania osadzono w szerszym kontekście teoriopolitycznym i właśnie na potrzeby teorii polityki wyprowadzono odpowiednie wnioski.

  • Distribution of Power and a Political Change in David Hume’s Poltical Theory

    Author: Łukasz Perlikowski
    Institution: Mazovian Public University in Płock
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4504-7625
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 195-208
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201911
    PDF: siip/18/siip1811.pdf

    In this paper I would like to present an interpretation of David Hume’s political theory. Therefore, a method of investigation can be recognized as hermeneutical one. Main threads which I would like to emphasize are: concept of stability, distribution of power, role of an opinion in political dimension and a conservative attitude toward a change. I claim that important lesson for political science can be taken from his theory. Generally speaking, this lesson consists in refusing the so-called political regime fetishism and focusing on the relevant issues of social stability. These issues are strictly determined by the opinions, hence the proper subject-matter of political science is identified with them. As one of the conclusions I propose a thesis that politics is, and ought only to be slave of opinions, what is an allusion to a famous sentence from A Treatise of Human Nature that the reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions.

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