the Constitution,

  • An Implementation of the Constitutional Right to Review the Case Without Unreasonable Delay in Civil Proceedings

    Author: Katarzyna Jurewicz-Bakun
    Institution: Lomza State University of Applied Sciences
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8565-9450
    Author: Magdalena Taraszkiewicz
    Institution: Lomza State University of Applied Sciences
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1297-8279
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 407-425
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.05.27
    PDF: ppk/51/ppk5127.pdf

    One aspect of the right to court is the right to have a case resolved within a reasonable time in proceedings that do not involve lengthiness. The purpose of the article is to present the problem related to the implementation of the Art. 45 paragraph 1 of the Constitution in civil procedure. The order to examine the case without undue delay is one of the procedural components of the constitutional right to court. The inability of the court to hear the case within a reasonable period of time weakens the efficiency of the courts and undermines trust in the state and its organs that safeguard compliance with the law. Getting a court trial quickly is in the direct interest of not only the parties to the proceedings but also the public interest. It is up to the court to ensure that procedural guarantees of proceedings are effective as quickly as possible and at the same time responding. The judgment of the European Court of Human Rights of May 16, 2019, unequivocally pointed to the violation by Poland of the right to a fair trial related to the length of court proceed-

  • Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej - refleksje w 100-lecie instytucji

    Author: Dariusz Dudek
    Institution: Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1372-9285
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 39-56
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.04.02
    PDF: ppk/62/ppk6202.pdf

    President of the Republic of Poland – reflections on the 100th anniversary of the institution

    The author presents the historical regulation of the President in the Polish constitutional law of the period 1918–1939. He shows the evolution and specific features of the institution, from the office of the Chief of State in years 1918–1922, through the limited regulation of the President in the Constitution of 1921 and its amendment of 1926, to the original concept of the head of state in the polish Constitution of 1935. The author notes the visible, sometimes negative impact of personal conditions on the regulations contained in the constitutions of the Second Republic, as well as the importance of Polish tradition for the process of creating and the content of the currently binding Constitution of 1997.

  • Responsibility of the Holders of the Highest Offices in the State on the Example of Austrian Solutions

    Author: Sabina Grabowska
    Institution: University of Rzeszow
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0530-708X
    Author: Małgorzata Podolak
    Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6250-4170
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 163-174
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.06.13
    PDF: ppk/64/ppk6413.pdf

    The article is a synthetic discussion of legal regulations on the proceedings regarding the responsibility of piastunes of the highest offices in the state on the example of Austrian solutions. The authors present the understanding of constitutional responsibility not only by the Austrian legislator but also Spanish and French, who differently came up to the issue of understanding the responsibility of piastunes of the highest offices in the state.

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