the European Union

  • PPSY Seminar "Public Policy, Sustainability and Good Governance" (May 8, 2018)

    The Polish Political Science Yearbook invites all scholars, researchers and professionals to participate in the 8th PPSY International Seminar "Public Policy, Sustainability & Good Governance" which takes place in Toruń (Poland) on May 8, 2018. A conference is an associated event of the 2018 International Asian Congress and it supports a special section of the current Volume 47 of 2018 of the journal, and its objective is to discuss challenges of good governance and sustainability in Central Europe and the European Union and to present current advancements in studies on public policy.

    Deadline for application: April 22, 2018, with the Online Form.

    Join us on the Facebook: PPSY Seminar "Public Policy, Sustainability & Good Governance"

  • Współpraca Unii Europejskiej z Kazachstanem w zakresie dobrego rządzenia, demokracji, praw człowieka i wsparcia reform instytucjonalnych

    Author: Krystyna Gomółka
    E-mail: Krystyna.Gomolka@zie.pg.edu.pl
    Institution: Politechnika Gdańska, Poland
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 15-29
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2017401
    PDF: npw/15/npw2017401.pdf

    The European Union supported Kazakhstan in carrying out political, economic and social reform twice. For the first time EU did so within the framework of the TACIS program in the years 1991–2006 when Kazakhstan has received $ 166 million mainly for the restructuring of state-owned enterprises, agriculture, infrastructure, energy, telecommunications, transport, environmental protection, administrative reform and health care and education. Again, the European Union has granted funds to Kazakhstan in the framework of the Strategy for Central Asia in 2007–2013. The main burden of support has been designed to prepare for institutional reforms for good governance and human rights protection. There were implemented 17 projects within four sectors: legal services and the judiciary; human rights, economic policy and development, strengthening civil society. In assessing the changes in some regions of the country reported good practices in the field of dialogue between local authorities and non-governmental organizations, increase the efficiency of public services and the transparency of budgetary expenditure. It was emphasized, however, that the authorities of Kazakhstan do not show understanding for the concept of good governance and democratization processes.

  • Tożsamość zbiorowa imigrantów z Bliskiego Wschodu w wybranych państwach Unii Europejskiej

    Author: Dalzar Nashwan Salem
    E-mail: sdalzar@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 7-19
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017201
    PDF: so/12/so1201.pdf

    The collective identity of immigrants from the Middle East in EU countries

    Identity is one of the forms of belonging to specific cultural groups. By that, the individual becomes a member of the larger community. It means that individuals can integrate with each other, act as each other’s specific features. And what is more important to them, all the standards they adopt are the same. In the circumstances, whereas many social groups are forced to leave their countries, their respective objectives are different. Some are leaving for work, some avoiding wars or persecution, and others want to improve their living conditions. This forces us to undertake in-depth analyses of the situation, because the members of other countries are not always favourably disposed to accept foreigners. In the case of people from the Middle East concerns are stronger; the more Europe is struggling with the wave of terrorism. This raises additional concerns. These are strong enough, that it erases the advantages of the influx of foreign labour for an ageing community. Of course Europe undertakes appropriate actions to help the immigrant population. None the less fears are strong enough to block the appreciation of the advantages of this potential.

  • Efficiency of the EU Soft Instruments in the Transformation of Eastern Neighbours. The Case of the Ukrainian Crisis

    Author: Beata Piskorska
    Institution: John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 151–167
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2015.48.11
    PDF: apsp/48/apsp4811.pdf

    The subject of analysis is the assumption that the concept of soft power may be used as a theoretical basis for the interpretation of the EU influence on the less stable regions facing the spread of international conflicts. On the basis of current events and the high degree of instability in the region, it should be stated that such instruments are not efficient when it comes to Russia. In order to prove the above mentioned assumption, one needs to define the nature and specificity of the EU as soft power in the post-Westphalian international order. In the context of the use of such instruments, the analysis will also cover the manifestation of their implementation and efficiency in the EU policy towards Ukrainian crisis. Thus, it is essential to answer a few research questions. Firstly, what is the specificity of the EU in post-Westphalian international order? Secondly, what means does the EU have at its disposal and is it able to achieve its objectives and meet expectations which the international environment has towards it? Lastly, how can we assess the efficiency of the soft power instruments used by the Union in specific region of Eastern Europe, particularly during Ukrainian crisis?

  • Proces akcesyjny Chorwacji do Unii Europejskiej – implikacje dla dalszych rozszerzeń Wspólnoty

    Author: Maciej Górecki
    Institution: Bydgoska Agencja Rozwoju Regionalnego sp. z o.o.
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 165-193
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201609
    PDF: siip/15/siip1509.pdf

    The accession process of Croatia to the European Union – implications for future enlargement of the European Union

    This article analyzes the possible implications of Croatia’s accession process for further expansion of the Community (officially aspiring to membership in the European Union aspires five countries – Albania, FYROM, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey). In order to carry out the present historical relations between the EU – Croatia, the characteristic way of Croatia’s accession process on each of its stages, the state of its accomplishment by the designated official candidates, assessment of their nature of the relationship with the European Union and possible prospects for future membership.

  • Institutionalization of Strategic Partnerships : Comparative Analysis of Established European Union Partnerships with the United States, Japan and Canada

    Author: Agata Domachowska
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8521-9399
    Author: Karolina Gawron-Tabor
    Institution: WSB University in Toruń
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8535-913X
    Author: Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0021-2519
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 200-222
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.12
    PDF: apsp/60/apsp6012.pdf

    Strategic partnerships are nowadays one of the tools most willingly applied in foreign policy. The subject of the presented analysis is the institutionalization process of a strategic partnership understood as the functioning of certain norms and rules in a given relationship (expressed in the founding documents of partnerships) and the regularization of joint bodies and meeting formats. The aim of the article is a comparative analysis of institutional solutions applied in the European Union’s strategic partnerships with its established partners: the United States, Japan, and Canada. The results show that it is possible to identify a pattern of institutionalization process used by the European Union in its relations with strategic partners; they also reveal how great importance contemporary players in the international arena attach to institutionalization processes in their mutual relations.

  • Edukacja międzykulturowa jako element strategii Rady Europy i Unii Europejskiej

    Author: Paulina Pukin
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 70-79
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2019.01.04
    PDF: em/10/em1004.pdf

    Artykuł ukazuje problematykę edukacji międzykulturowej jako koniecznego kroku w celu integracji i wzajemnego porozumienia pomiędzy mieszkańcami a imigrantami w Europie. Rada Europy oraz Unia Europejska popierają migracje międzynarodowe. Większość działań UE jest jednak skierowana do obywateli unijnych. Unia Europejska wraz z Radą Europy próbują zwiększyć kompetencje międzykulturowe poprzez organizowanie wydarzeń (np. zainicjowanie Roku Dialogu Międzykulturowego w 2008 roku) oraz propozycje zmian w aktach prawnych. Unia Europejska promuje również migracje o charakterze edukacyjnym, m.in. Erasmus, Tempus oraz Młodzież w działaniu. Udział w projektach zaproponowanych przez Komisję Europejską umożliwia zwiększenie kompetencji kulturowych oraz chęć odkrywania innych kultur oraz zrozumienie międzykulturowe. Natomiast podczas spotkań Rady Europy w latach 2003 i 2005 postanowiono podtrzymywać i rozwijać jedność pomimo różnorodności społeczeństw poprzez aktywne działanie w zakresie zwiększenia poziomu edukacji międzykulturowej jako elementu polityki edukacyjnej. W Planie Działań podkreślono szczególną rolę edukacji w tworzeniu nowej Europy. Wyznaczano wówczas takie kierunki działań, jak rozwój kilku edukacji: obywatelskiej, na rzecz praw człowieka, międzykulturowej, a także promocję wymiany międzykulturowej oraz zapewnienie różnorodności kulturowej i dialogu międzykulturowego. Zalecane jest, aby politycy unijni zastanowili się nad rozwiązaniem problemu niezrozumienia pomiędzy Europejczykami a imigrantami z Azji oraz Afryki.

  • Education and Science and Its Importance in Process of Supporting Economic Growth and Competitiveness in the European Union and Slovak Republic

    Author: Peter Čajka
    E-mail: peter.cajka@umb.sk
    Institution: Matej Bel University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0568-394X
    Author: Lucia Rýsová
    E-mail: lucia.rysova@umb.sk
    Institution: Matej Bel University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/00000003-2965-1162
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-34
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201901
    PDF: rop/2019/rop201901.pdf

    As a part of its long-term strategic objectives, the European Union has set efforts to increase internal cohesion, improve economic growth levels, which will strengthen its position in the world economy area and also strengthen its competitiveness vis-à-vis other key players in the world economy. The level and quality of education, as well as the level and quality of science and research, are key areas for achieving this goal. Thus, the main attention at the level of the European Union and its individual member states should be focused on the implementation of systemic measures aimed at improving the educational process and research activities in all aspects (legislative, personnel, financial, procedural, etc.). The article focuses on the definition and analysis of the main developmental trends and tendencies in the area of education and support of science and research in the area of the European Union and the Slovak Republic.

  • The Implications of the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor for Pakistan–European Union Relations

    Author: Agnieszka Nitza-Makowska
    E-mail: agnieszka.nitza@civitas.edu.pl
    Institution: Collegium Civitas, Palace of Culture and Science
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1677-986X
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 28-41
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202402
    PDF: npw/24/npw2402.pdf

    The Implications of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor for Pakistan-European Union Relations

    The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) holds the potential to transform Pakistan along with its turbulent regional environment. In the short run, the multiple networks of infrastructure that the project provides will eventually improve Pakistan-European Union (EU) trade. Moreover, while the CPEC is unlikely to bring an immediate strategic shift in the bilateral dialogue, which is particularly lacking in political dynamics, its long-run promises can help to foster such dynamics. The project, if successful, can help Pakistan to establish a peaceful domestic environment and subsequently promote the country’s fresh image to reverse its softpower losses in Europe and beyond. This paper investigates contemporary Pakistan-EU relations, which have so far attracted little attention from international relations scholars. It presents the bilateral dynamics in the context of the CPEC, which is an unprecedented investment by China in Pakistan. The paper concludes by shedding light on the differences between China’s and the EU’s strategies vis-à-vis Pakistan. Despite the fact that the study focuses on one particular South Asian state, it can serve as a case study for the comparative analysis of China’s and the EU’s presence in third countries, especially those that, like Pakistan, have joined the Belt and Road Initiative.

  • The Battle of Brexit. Analysis of the 2019 United Kingdom General Election Results

    Author: Bartłomiej H. Toszek
    E-mail: clermont@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2989-7168
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 153-165
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020409
    PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy2020409.pdf

    The article presents the main parties (i.e. the Conservative Party, Labor Party, Liberal Democrats and Scottish National Party) results of the 2019 UK general election as well as an analysis of the most important issues (i.e. correct identification of voters’ expectations, simplicity and clarity of the messages, leaders’ personalities) which determined each party success or loss. The author proves that since Brexit was the primary focus of voters, the level of support for particular parties remained dependent on the solutions presented in this issue. This basis explains why the Conservatives in the whole UK and the SNP in Scotland won (and the Labor Party and the Liberal Democrats lost) the battle of Brexit.

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