the rule of law

  • Wkład Rady Europy w kształtowanie i upowszechnianie standardów państwa prawnego

    Author: Agata Pyrzyńska
    Institution: Kujawsko-Pomorska Szkoła Wyższa w Bydgoszczy
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 167-183
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2018.04.10
    PDF: ppk/44/ppk4410.pdf

    Przedmiotem niniejszego artykułu jest zagadnienie wkładu Rady Europy w kształtowanie i upowszechnianie standardów państwa prawnego. Zasada praworządności, ściśle powiązana z zasadą państwa prawnego, stanowi bowiem jedną z trzech podstawowych wartości, na których oparta jest działalność Rady. Dbałość Rady o utrzymywanie przez państwa członkowskie właściwych standardów w tym zakresie przejawia się w dwóch głównych płaszczyznach. Po pierwsze, Rada podejmuje działania mające na celu zdefiniowanie i stworzenie jednolitego, uniwersalnego sposobu rozumienia zasady państwa prawnego przez poszczególne państwa. Po drugie zaś system prawny Rady przewiduje szereg konkretnych mechanizmów mających na celu egzekwowanie realizacji przez państwa członkowskie omawianej zasady. Jednak jak pokazuje praktyka, nie każde z nich cechuje się wystarczającą efektywnością.

  • Dyskurs nad wprowadzeniem kontroli konstytucyjności prawa w dobie Konstytucji marcowej

    Author: Michał Mistygacz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7083-7840
    Author: Jacek Zaleśny
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8231-4454
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 191-201
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.04.09
    PDF: ppk/62/ppk6209.pdf

    Considerations on the introduction of the constitutional control of the law in the era of the March Constitution – reconstruction of the discourse

    The subject of the article is the reconstruction and explanation of the considerations on the failure to introduce the constitutional control of the law in the era of the March Constitution. It is argued that this was an issue noticeable by participants in legal and political relations, which was repeated during the period when it was in force, in particular after 1926 – due to the progressive abuse of the law and the fascization of political relations. Representatives of the doctrine of constitutional law are assigned a special role in promoting the importance of the control of the law for the process of building the rule of law. In this context the thesis of the article is as follows: the attitude to the control of the constitutionality of the law was not politically indifferent. It is argued that it was primarily the right-wing formations that opted for it, while the left-wing formations were against it.

  • Exclusive vs. Inclusive Social Populism? A Comparative Legal Analysis of Welfare Policies in Hungary and Poland Under Populist Regimes

    Author: Aleksandra Dzięgielewska
    Institution: German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2438-9466
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 237-256
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.06.19
    PDF: ppk/64/ppk6419.pdf

    This article critically examines the main features of respective socio-economic legal frameworks to determine whether they constitute the specificity of Polish and Hungarian populism. The principle of equality serves as a theoretical framework for the assessment of both types of social design. Based on this legal criterion, differences in the social visions of both countries emerge, unveiling the perspective of an exclusive and inclusive social design. However, the conclusion appears that it is not the social-economic model itself that determines the specificity of populism in both countries but its juxtaposition with cultural arguments. Polish and Hungarian populisms are thus defined primarily by social frameworks and secondary by the rhetoric’s cultural component. The combination of social issues with those of cultural kind forms the substantive background of populism in its Polish and Hungarian editions.

  • Instrumentalization of the Constitutional Order as a Tool of Political Control in the Post-Soviet Space. The Case of the Republic of Georgia

    Author: Jan Brodowski
    Institution: Jagiellonian University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8798-6391
    Author: Bartłomiej Krzysztan
    Institution: Polish Academy of Sciences
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5632-6884
    Author: Joanna Piechowiak
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0021-2519
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 281-290
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.06.22
    PDF: ppk/64/ppk6422.pdf

    Georgia is one of the most democratized states in the post-Soviet space. This article presents the mechanisms of instrumentalization and ideologization of the Georgian constitution and its political and social context. The absence of a consolidated state of the law was found to have four causes: 1) colonial experiences of the Enlightenment; 2) heritage of Soviet legislation; 3) rapid Westernization of the legal system; 4) political actors and parties manipulating the constitution in the name of particularistic interests.

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