transformation

  • Dealing with a Trauma Burdened Past: between Remembering and Forgetting

    Author: Joanna Kulska
    E-mail: jkulska@uni.opole.pl
    Institution: University of Opole (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 23-35
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017202
    PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017202.pdf

    Recognition that societies will not be able to build a future as long as they do not face the ‘demons of the past’ has become a kind of universal truth over the last decades of the 20th Century (Gibney et al., 2008, p. 1). This view, though challenging and ambiguous, is reflected in the globally present attempts to improve or rebuild relations within and between different communities at the domestic and international level. The question concerning, on the one hand, the essence and most essential elements and, on the other hand, the instruments and the limitations of rebuilding relations, as well as the political implications of those processes have become the broad area of interest and the discourse leading to significantly different ideas and solutions. The article aims at presenting different approaches referring to dealing with the conflicted and traumatized past both at the domestic and international level. Some selected instruments and methods which enable movement from a divided past towards a common future are discussed namely the strategy of engagement with the past versus the strategy of avoidance of the past. The special attention is paid to the notion of reconciliation understood as a process of rebuilding of relations through the multi-dimensional transformation of former adversaries after the period of violence and repression.

  • Teoria i praktyka funkcjonowania samorządności w Polsce po 1989 r.

    Author: Jarosław Och
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 175-184
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201414
    PDF: ksm/19/ksm201414.pdf

    In the process of political transformation, initiated the events of the Round Table in 1989. Important place and importance is given to issues of self-government. Political science literature suggests in this regard to the fact that one of the pillars of political transformation in Poland was the transition from a monopoly of the central government to local government. Local government reform introduced by the Act of 1990 8. III. Introduced a new system of local government. Local government has become the authority of the local community and gave her the right to self-determination of its underlying decisions of political, economic and social. Breaking the monopoly of local government reform and the state Democratic Party has introduced local government model, derived from the local community and serving the public administrative functions under the permanent control of the representatives of the local community.

  • Transformacії tradicіjjnoї rіzdvjanoї obrjadovostі bojjkіv ukraїnskikh Karpat na pochatku KHKHІ stolіttja

    Author: Natalіja Gromova
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 175-193
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/pomi201611
    PDF: pomi/02/pomi201611.pdf

    The transformations of the Bojkos’ Christmas Rites of the Ukrainian Carpathian mountains in the beginning of XXI century. Th e thesis researches Christmas rites in Bojkivshchyna during Ukraine’s independence and is based upon analysis of scientifi c literature and a large amount of information sources. Th e author found out that motivation for many Christmas ceremonies was changed or lost; many rites cease to be actively used altogether. However it is proved that the basis of Christmas rites in Bojkivshchyna is retained better if compared to other Ukrainian regions. Th e paper describes and analyses

  • Is Technology a Magic Wand? When Tablets’ affordances meet Teaching Practices: Insights on Didactic Design

    Author: Hussein Bougsiaa
    Author: Lucyna Kopciewicz
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 76-90
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.06
    PDF: tner/201801/tner20180106.pdf

    This text presents and discusses results of empirical research conducted during 3 school semesters (1.5 of school year) in a primary school in Poland. The research focused on the introduction of tablets (iPads) to didactic design and aimed at the observation of learning processes of the entire school community in connection with the appearance of a new educational actor. We used a qualitative research approach, mainly video-ethnography (60 hours of recorded material). This research approach resulted in the identification of maps of teaching and learning practices and their meanings in the changing school field.

  • IMPACT OF SPAIN’S DEMOCRATISATION ON ITS MULTILATERAL RELATIONS

    Author: Małgorzata Mizerska-Wrotkowska
    E-mail: m.mizerska-wrotkowska@uw.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 45-60
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201703
    PDF: rop/2017/rop201703.pdf

      The objective of this article is to analyse the impact of the Spanish democratic transformation on its multilateral relations. It analyses the strategies of Spanish governments in the transformation era and the process of accession to NATO, the Council of Europe and the European Communities. Source analysis and criticism methods (applied mostly to Spanish- -language texts), as well as comparative analysis were employed for the needs of this article.
      Based on her research, the author concludes that changes to Spanish foreign policy were evolutionary in nature. Therefore, it took Spain several years to regain the full confidence of its partners. Before any breakthrough changes could occur in the multilateral dimension, Spain needed to normalise its bilateral relations.
      The democratic elections conducted on the 15th of June 1977 in Spain was the breakthrough without which no accession to any important international organisation could ever happen. As the event clinched the state’s democratisation, it paved the way for Spain to join soon the Council of Europe. The accession process for the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation was more complex. The Spanish political scene was divided in that matter. Spain’s accession to the European Communities was the longest process. It was subject not only to the state’s democratisation progress but also to economic issues.

  • Informal Constitutional Change. The Case of Poland

    Author: Agnieszka Bień-Kacała
    E-mail: abien@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 199-218
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.06.13
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4013.pdf

    This article describes the theoretical concept of constitutional change. The cases of constitutional changes and amendments since 1989 have been analyzed in the text. The historical approach is used as a background for the current Polish events conceptualization.
    The theories formulated by Y. Raznai, R. Albert, B. Ackermann, S. Griffin, D. Landau are applied for purpose of the analysis. The authors consider the problems of: constitutional change, constitutional amendment and dismemberment, constitutional moment, as well as a kind of constitutionalism, which is connected to an abuse of power by the parliamentary majority (illiberal constitutionalism).
    This paper analyses following issues: the conceptualization of constitutional amendment procedure and constitutional change in formal and informal ways as well as the constitutional moment. Moreover, the Polish academia opinions on the amendment and change are presented. Eventually, the identification of the recent Polish systemic events from a theoretical perspective and the summary of the research are provided.
    The assessment of current events takes into account the historical background – the transformation started in 1989 and ended with the adoption of the 1997 Constitution. The conclusion is connected to identification of the constitutional moments which legitimize or not the transformation of the system.

  • Europeanization of Slovak Political System During the Accession Process to the European Union

    Author: Dušan Leška
    Institution: University of ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava, Slovakia
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 168–189
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2015.48.12
    PDF: apsp/48/apsp4812.pdf

    Europeanization acted at all stages of society development in Slovakia, with varying degrees of intensity and in various forms, since the signing of the association agreement with the European Union. A significant impact was already in the stage of transition, when the consistent implementation of the Copenhagen criteria insist by the EC/EU help to return to the path of democratic development in Slovakia. However, it wasn’t just about the application of the generally accepted principles of parliamentary democracy, but also on the active impact of the EC/EU institutions within the existing opportunities provided by the signing of the Association Agreement. A qualitatively new stage began after completion of the Copenhagen criteria and the opening of negotiations, which was to implement acquis communautaire into the internal legal order of the country. At this stage, clearly dominated the process of Europeanization “top-down”, i.e. the adoption of standards, laws of the European Union, to make country compatible with other countries of the EU. After the entry of the Slovakia into the EU, a two-sided process of Europeanization: “up-down” and “bottom-up” has started.

  • Польские «следы» в современной русской языковой картине мира

    Author: Г.Д. Удалых
    Institution: Бакинский славянский университет
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 264-273
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm201814
    PDF: ksm/23/ksm201814.pdf

    The article is devoted to some aspects of the impact on the Russian language picture of the world of Polish borrowings as a result of contact between the Russian and Polish peoples.

  • Происхождение Сатаны (модификация древних традиций)

    Author: Rafig Manaf Novruzov
    Institution: Baku Slavic University
    Author: Gulnar Fikret Novruzova
    Institution: Baku Slavic University
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 128-146
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2018208
    PDF: so/14/so1408.pdf

    Origin of Satan (modification of ancient traditions)

    The article considers the problem of correlation of concepts “God” and “Satan” in religion. The solution to the problem the author sees in the traditions of Zoroastrianism that had a profound impact on the monotheistic religions.

  • Model Changes of Polish Public Administration and Processes of Political and Structural Transformation

    Author: Agnieszka Lipska-Sondecka
    E-mail: agalipska@wp.pl
    Institution: Pomeranian University (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8911-4087
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 48-54
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020104
    PDF: ppsy/49-1/ppsy2020104.pdf

    The model transformations of Polish public administration after 1989 were the result of the necessary and inevitable consequence of events related to erosion and the collapse of the „real socialism” system. Its internal decomposition, as a result of social reality inadequacy, created a situation in which it was possible to undertake deep systemic reforms in Poland. Democratization of the government system in Poland was an extremely complex process generating numerous problems and showing the scale of adversity in all spheres of social life. All political and structural changes in Poland after 1989 were also possible due to propitious external, international conditions. Especially the collapse of the USSR brought certain possibilities for Poland and other countries in Central and Eastern Europe to regain full sovereignty, which was later expressed in membership in NATO, the Council of Europe, and then European Union accession. As a result of the systemic and political transformation process, the administration has become an extremely important cell in the democratic legal order and the entity responsible for the implementation of a significant part of public tasks at the local, supra-local and regional levels.

  • Adaptacja pokoleń społeczeństw postsowieckich do radykalnych zmian społecznych

    Author: Piotr Długosz
    E-mail: piotr.dlugosz@up.krakow.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4875-2039
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 9-35
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202501
    PDF: npw/25/npw2501.pdf

    Adaptation of generations in post-Soviet countries to most radical social changes

    The article inquiries into the influence of age on the adaptation to changes among post-Soviet societies. The analysis of secondary data from survey research conducted in representative research samples in post-soviet republics was used in the research. Survey data from Russia (N=992), Belarus (N=1034), Moldova (N=970) and Ukraine (N=1000) was analyzed. The results show that the age facilitates positive adaptation. Younger generations had a higher level of happiness, evaluated their financial situation, their standing in the social hierarchy and prospects for the future better. The highest level of satisfaction with democracy was noted in Belarus and Russia. Lower marks were given by the citizens of Moldova, whereas the biggest disappointment was noticed in Ukraine. The Russians and the Belarusians followed by the Moldovans were located on high positions on the continuum of adaptation to social changes, but the Ukrainians managed to adapt to the system to the lowest degree.

  • 20 Years after The Lustration of Lech Wałęsa

    Author: Henryk Marek Składanowski
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 45-66
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020103
    PDF: rop/11/rop1103.pdf

    Th is study aims to determine whether the decision of the V Lustration Department of the Court of Appeal in Warsaw issued in 2000, that Lech Wałęsa was not a secret collaborate of the former Security Service of the Polish People’s Republic (PPR), was a correct one. Marek Aft yka’s “briefi ng memo” and Proceedings of Regional Court in Gdańsk I Civil Department in 2010 in a case brought by Lech Wałęsa against Krzysztof Wyszkowski were researched in this article.
    It is stated that individual decisions of judges in 2000 were wrong in this case, which was confi rmed on February 16, 2016 by fi nding the personal and working fi les of the secret collaborate codename “Bolek”. Analysis of the sources demonstrated that Wałęsa he did not consider the cooperation with the prosecution and security institutions, as well as with the state of real socialism as something wrong. At the same time, former Polish president, as a well-trained agent, will never admit to the cooperation.

  • Modeling of state regulation of the coal industry of Ukraine in the context of structural transformations of the national economy

    Author: Igor Kozymenko
    E-mail: iakoz@ukr.net
    Institution: National Academy of Public Administration
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0733-5121
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 29-40
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020302
    PDF: rop/13/rop1302.pdf

    The article is devoted to the state regulation of the processes of modeling of the development of the coal industry of Ukraine in the context of structural transformations of the national economy. An important task of modern science of public administration is to provide systematic methods of substantiation of public administration decisions to determine the vector of development of society as a whole and individual sectors of the national economy, which actualizes the formation of a model of justification of coal industry development strategy. It is proved that the effectiveness of the organizational mechanism of state regulation is ensured through a transparent system of control over changes in the technical and economic parameters of the coal industry of Ukraine. The author proposes the formation of an appropriate tool for programming effective change within a certain cyclical nature of the industry. Systematized information on strategies relevant to planning of the development of the coal industry and the mining sector as a whole. Analytically interpreted information of the optimal plan by the method of dynamic programming using recurrent Bellman equations is presented. The optimal plan of tactical actions at formation of strategy of development of the coal industry in a cycle of a mining and industrial complex is defined. The comparison of the optimal plan with possible alternative actions of the management staffof the coal industry is carried out. The perspective plan of tactical actions through priority use of projects of the maximum profitability at formation of strategy of development of the coal industry in a cycle of a mining and industrial complex is presented. The plan of tactical actions through priority support of projects of preservation of a current condition at formation of strategy of development of the coal industry in a cycle of a mining and industrial complex is presented. The optimal plan of tactical actions in forming the strategy of coal industry development in the cycle of mining complex with good initial state of resource potential, with probable highest level of initial state of resource potential, with unsatisfactory initial state of resource potential is presented. It is proved that the current critical state of the resource base of coal mining provokes the emergence of natural irrational behavior in Ukraine, when the crisis focuses only on economic benefits without proper management of resource potential, which emphasizes the importance of public administration in resource management in crisis development programs of the coal industry. The developed methodology provides the best solution to the two-criteria problem of public administration of the coal industry: the implementation of public administration functions, including economic, and providing conditions for sustainable efficient resource use.

  • Polish Constitutional Order: Between Consolidation and Crisis

    Author: Tomasz Słomka
    E-mail: tomasz.slomka@uw.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9226-5828
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 167-182
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.13
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5813.pdf

    The article concerns the dilemmas of building Polish constitutional identity after 1989. The hypothesis assumes that after the initial twenty years of consolidation and Europeanization of constitutional democracy, there was an attempt at undermining the adopted political order. The policy of the ruling camp after 2015 is a striking proof of this crisis.

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