transition to democracy in Argentina

  • Wyzwania okresu transformacji ustrojowej w Argentynie – niedokończony proces rozliczania się z tzw. brudną wojną

    Author: Paulina Zamęcka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 349-370
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201618
    PDF: siip/15/siip1518.pdf

    The chall enges of political transformation in Argentina – the unfinished process of settlement of a dirty war

    A political transformation that has started in Argentina in 1983 put an end on the reign of military junta, but at the same time it was related with a number of challenges for both first democratic governments and the argentine society as a whole. One of the most problematic issues resulting from the confrontation with the crimes from 1976 – 1983 was so called transitional justice and the problem of identity and collective memory of societies coming out of the period of trauma, which are characterized by a high polarization due to different, even contradictory at times interpretations and ideas about the past. The article attempts to analyze the difficult process of settlement of the dirty war period, including the characteristics of the preceding events, the policy of the first democratic governments and the original strategies developed by the argentine movement for human rights, which on the one hand aimed to combat with the impunity of the perpetrators, and on the other hand to counteract the social amnesia and to keep the memory about the tragic past events alive.

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