truth

  • Dealing with a Trauma Burdened Past: between Remembering and Forgetting

    Author: Joanna Kulska
    E-mail: jkulska@uni.opole.pl
    Institution: University of Opole (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 23-35
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017202
    PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017202.pdf

    Recognition that societies will not be able to build a future as long as they do not face the ‘demons of the past’ has become a kind of universal truth over the last decades of the 20th Century (Gibney et al., 2008, p. 1). This view, though challenging and ambiguous, is reflected in the globally present attempts to improve or rebuild relations within and between different communities at the domestic and international level. The question concerning, on the one hand, the essence and most essential elements and, on the other hand, the instruments and the limitations of rebuilding relations, as well as the political implications of those processes have become the broad area of interest and the discourse leading to significantly different ideas and solutions. The article aims at presenting different approaches referring to dealing with the conflicted and traumatized past both at the domestic and international level. Some selected instruments and methods which enable movement from a divided past towards a common future are discussed namely the strategy of engagement with the past versus the strategy of avoidance of the past. The special attention is paid to the notion of reconciliation understood as a process of rebuilding of relations through the multi-dimensional transformation of former adversaries after the period of violence and repression.

  • Out of the past (1947) – the question of truth in Jacques Tourneur’s noir movie

    Author: Mikołaj Marks
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Author: Marek Mosakowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5154-7650
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 64-75
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201905
    PDF: cip/17/cip1705.pdf

    Noir creators of the 1940s, like Jacques Tourneur, had a specific way of presenting worlds behind the silver screen. Their movies were visibly different than everything else Hollywood had to offer at that time. Marked by dark colors, inhabited by gritty, lost individuals, noir worlds seem hostile yet they also attract the audience in a perverse manner. Moreover, noir creators defy truth as it is. To discover it a person has to become an investigator, and study the noir movie like a murder case. Every element of the puzzle counts, as the film’s purpose is to deceive the audience. Analyzing both outside, mimetic tools of the filmmaker and inside, diegetic elements incorporated in a story-world is vital to understand how noir successfully plays with the idea of truth.

  • МЕТА ДОКАЗУВАННЯ У КРИМІНАЛЬНОМУ ПРОВАДЖЕННІ ПРО ПОРУШЕННЯ ПРАВ ІНТЕЛЕКТУАЛЬНОЇ ВЛАСНОСТІ: ІСТИНА ЧИ ПРОЦЕСУАЛЬНА СПРАВЕДЛИВІСТЬ?

    Author: Євгеній Компанець
    E-mail: ek_science@ukr.net
    Institution: Scientific-Research Institute of Intellectual Property of National Academy of Law Sciences in Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8162-1965
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 54-77
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20210404
    PDF: ksm/32/ksm3204.pdf

    THE PURPOSE OF PROOF IN THE CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS ON INFRINGEMENT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS: TRUTH OR PROCEDURAL JUSTICE?

    The article summarizes the existing discussible approaches of domestic and foreign scholars to understanding of the purpose of criminal procedural proof and the search for truth. The legislation of Ukraine, norms of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Criminal Procedure Codes of a number of European countries, modern approaches of US courts, the Supreme Court [of Ukraine], the European Court of Human Rights on normative consolidation of the purpose of criminal procedural proof and application of the law are analyzed. On the basis of an excursion in the history of science the basic theories of truth are highlighted. It has been established that the theory of objective truth has prevailed in science for a long time, but attention is drawn to the fact that it is increasingly criticized in favor of efficiency of criminal proceedings through applying relevant legal procedures. Judicial practice shows a shift in emphasis from establishing the truth to procedural justice aimed at achieving the optimal model of the purpose of criminal proceedings and proof. The approaches to the purpose of proof and the search for truth of various subjects in criminal proceedings on infringement of intellectual property rights and efficiency of applying conventional truth are substantiated. The own vision of the concept of the purpose of proof is proposed and propositions on improvement of the procedural legislation of Ukraine are provided.

  • The Dispute about the Future: Anthropocene and Sustainability as a Challenge

    Author: Christoph Wulf
    E-mail: chrwulf@zedat.fu-berlin.de
    Institution: Freie Universität Berlin
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 13-24
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.04.01
    PDF: kie/134/kie13401.pdf

    The upcoming transformations of today’s societies into sustainable societies pose numerous problems. To avoid the destruction of the foundations of life in the Anthropocene, a profound social and cultural transformation encompassing all areas of life is required. To know how this can be accomplished requires extensive research and knowledge, the reliability of which plays an important role. The more open and diverse the global world becomes, the more difficult it is to determine which facts are important and what consequences can be drawn from them for human action. Instead of a reflexive approach to the results of scientific research, today one often encounters a populist approach to science. Its results are used to support preconceived opinions. One is not interested in new findings but aims at the disparagement of people of other opinions and their hateful insult. A destructive division of society is the result of the debates that are so important for the future of humanity.

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