Trybunał Sprawiedliwości UE

  • Problemy językowe Unii Europejskiej. Między idealizmem założeń, utylitaryzmem rozwiązań, a potrzebą komunikatywności prawa. Cz. I

    Author: Witold Sobczak
    E-mail: witoldsobczak@wp.pl
    Institution: Akademia im. Jakuba z Paradyża w Gorzowie Wlkp
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8617-0905
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 317-341
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.02.17
    PDF: ppk/54/ppk5417.pdf

    The presented text is the first part of a broader study dedicated to linguistic issues in the constitutional aspect with reference to the territory of the Republic of Poland and the Eu- ropean Union. Linguistic issues, issues of the official language disappear from the per- spective of constitutionalists and researchers dealing with European Union law. Howev- er, this is an important problem, given that the interpretation of legal norms is primarily a linguistic interpretation. The text deals with the issue of the official language in Poland, considering it in the constitutional aspect and in specific laws, especially in the law on the Polish language. The concepts of the state language, preferred in the interwar period, were considered. It has been pointed out that language is an element of identity. It caus- es problems in the area of the European Union. an attempt to solve them was the Euro- pean Charter of Regional or Minority Languages. The article discusses the regulations on official languages, addressing the issue of the status of official and working languag- es. Due to the nature of the considerations taken in the text, their meaning, the complex- ity of the problem, the content of the article is divided into two parts.

  • Problemy językowe Unii Europejskiej. Między idealizmem założeń, utylitaryzmem rozwiązań, a potrzebą komunikatywności prawa. Cz. II

    Author: Witold Sobczak
    E-mail: witoldsobczak@wp.pl
    Institution: Akademia im. Jakuba z Paradyża w Gorzowie Wlkp.
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8617-0905
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 191-210
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.01.12
    PDF: ppk/59/ppk5912.pdf

    This article is the second part of the considerations regarding language issues in the constitutional aspect with reference to the territory of the Republic of Poland and the European Union. The issues of linguistic interpretation in the practice of the European Court of Justice, as well as issues relating to language interpretation in the proceedings before the Court of Justice of the EU, draw attention to the content of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and the consequences thereof. The problem of the status of semi-official (additional) languages has been pointed out. The author analyses normative acts referring to this issue and the language problems that occure in the proceedings before the Court of Justice of the European Union. The summary points out the financial aspect resulting from the fact that Europe does not have a language which the entire population of the Union would identify with, stressing the difficulties that will arise after the expected departure from the European Union by the United Kingdom.

  • Pozycja konstytucji państwa członkowskiego Unii Europejskiej – kilka uwag na tle aktualnych uwarunkowań oraz relacji Trybunału Sprawiedliwości Unii Europejskiej z sądami krajowymi

    Author: Jerzy Ciapała
    E-mail: tljones@onet.eu
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5062-3834
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 223-241
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.14
    PDF: ppk/60/ppk6014.pdf

    The position of the constitutions of the Member States of the European Union – a few remarks against the background of current conditions and the relationship of the Court of Justice of the European Union with national courts

    The subject of the study is to demonstrate that the possibilities and prospects of federal- izing the European Union are questionable in the context of current facts – pan-demia, economic crisis, the internal situation of economically, socially and culturally diverse member states, and as a consequence of a significant legal event – the judgment of the Federal Constitutional Court of the Federal Republic of Germany of May 5, 2020. With the above judgment, the German Constitutional Court refused to recognize the binding force in Germany of the judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union. This may affect the relations of the CJEU with the constitutional courts of the states, includ- ing the Polish Constitutional Tribunal, as the vast majority of them recognize the pri- macy of national constitutions.

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