United States of America

  • Freedom of Speech in Europe and in the United States of America. A Few Remarks on the History of the Idea and its New Challenges

    Author: Wiesław Wacławczyk
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2006
    Source: Show
    Pages: 7-15
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2006001
    PDF: ppsy/35/ppsy2006001.pdf

    One can hardly overestimate the meaning of freedom of speech in the European tradition. It dates back to the times of the ancient Greece, although it was only John Milton who wrote the first tract devoted to the subject in question. In his Areopagitica (1644), Milton skillfully defended the principle of a free flow of ideas by stressing out that an open and undisturbed clash of various information and opinions is a condition of discovering truth in life. The best-known and most frequently quoted fragment of Areopagitica reads: “And though all the winds of doctrine were let loose to play upon the earth, so Truth be in the ! eld, we do injuriously, by licencing and prohibiting to misdoubt her strength. Let her and Falsehood grapple; who ever knew Truth put to the wors, in a free and open encounter. Her confuting is the best and surest suppressing”.

  • Competences of the United States Congress in the Impeachment Procedure

    Author: Anna Hadała-Skóra
    Institution: University of Rzeszów
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6432-5651
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 583-590
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.47
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5847.pdf

    This article is devoted to the impeachment procedure in the United States of America. The first part of the article outlines a short historical background on the subject. In the following part, the impeachment procedure is characterized in its current form, with particular emphasis placed on the role of the House of Representatives and Senate of the United States of America. The data concerning the processes that took place in the Senate as a result of the impeachment procedure are also indicated.

  • Pozycja ustrojowa przewodniczącego na przykładzie izb Kongresu Stanów Zjednoczonych Ameryki

    Author: Anna Hadała-Skóra
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6432-5651
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 427-435
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.04.28
    PDF: ppk/62/ppk6228.pdf

    The political position of the chairman on the example of the houses of the Congress of the United States of America

    This article is devoted entirely to the institution of the President on the example of the Congress of the United States of America. The office of the chairman, whose competence is to conduct deliberations, is characteristic of bodies with a collegial structure. This applies especially to those of them whose composition consists of more than a few persons. The author of the article focus on all aspects concerning this office. In the first part there is a brief characterization of the models of the institution of the speaker of parliament, as well as a historical outline of this institution. In the next part an author present the systemic position of the presiding officers of the chambers of the American Parliament.

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