upbringing

  • Kształtowanie koncentracji, empatii, odwagi i odpowiedzialności przez zajęcia plenerowe z czasowym wyłączaniem percepcji wzrokowej

    Author: Michał Sadowski
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 215-232
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201612
    PDF: ksm/21/ksm201612.pdf

    The ability to focus, empathy, courage and responsibility are important determinants affecting the development of pro-social behavior. In the modern education system, they are rarely appreciated. They are being pushed away, often far from pragmatism and academic knowledge. In the same time the modern world needs a person able to see deeper and more thorough, that is able to discover what seems to be hidden from the sight of others.

    The aim of this study was to verify the usefulness of field activities in the development of selected social attitudes. The participants moved around with their eyes closed assisted by their colleagues. The study was conducted during the obligatory winter camps of the Faculty of Tourism and Recreation in the Academy of Physical Education in Warsaw in 2014–2016. 86 students were tested, amongst them there were 37 women and 49 men. The experimental group consisted of people carrying out their snowboard training and experiencing temporary shutdown of visual perception during the activity. The results were compared with tests carried out on the third and fourth stage of education. The basic research method was a pedagogical experiment, that involved participant observation tool. To collect more detailed data a diagnostic survey was also used. The study used collecting material techniques – a survey, a complementary interview and a video recording the behavior of respondents during the activities. People with experience in practicing snowboarding with eyes closed (experimental group) did much better in difficult terrain showing lower level of feelings of anxiety and greater courage, composure and accuracy in performing given tasks. Respondents playing the guide role presented rarely seen in everyday situations empathetic attitude in response to their colleagues stress reactions. The results allow to draw conclusion that the use of similar activities at different levels of education can be an effective tool in building positives interpersonal relationships in educational institutions and beyond. Studies show that getting such effects as increased levels of concentration, accuracy in action, coping with stress – which connects to more effectively undertaken in difficult conditions – can be possible only through systematic training using a temporary shutdown of visual perception.

     

  • Pisarze literatury dziecięcej – ich rola w kształtowaniu postaw z rozważań o przyjaźni

    Author: Jan Czechowski
    Institution: Uczelnia Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa im. rtm. Witolda Pileckiego w Oświęcimiu
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 67-82
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: kim/2016_2/kim2016206.pdf

    Writers of the children’s fiction – their role in the forming of attitudes from deliberations about the friendship
    Abstract: Evoked values in work addressed to the young recipient are meeting the needs of the moral, cognitive, social, ethical nature among others well understandable – aesthetic. Writers creating works for children and teenagers are revealing the truth about the life, moral dilemmas and the solitude of the man. Authors of children’s books are provoking the reflective thinking of the reader, deepening his knowledge about oneself, world and other people in the process. In the present text the main theme constitutes the issue of the attitude which is developing within the friendship. Writers, writing works for the young recipient, are directing the linguistic announcement which simultaneously is a transmitter of specific values in their work. Into literary works values which refer for bringing up the process of teaching the value are written down. It is possible to accept proposals of attitudes prose writers writing for children and poets are including which in their works, or to oppose to them. Probably however it isn’t possible to stay in view of contents come across in the children’s fiction indifferent.

  • Myśl polityczna polskiego konspiracyjnego ruchu narodowego w czasie II wojny światowej

    Author: mgr Piotr Kurzawa
    Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 324-354
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201716
    PDF: siip/16/siip1616.pdf

    Political thought of polish underground national movement during World War II

    Nationalists were one of the numerous Polish political movements during World War II. Actively engaging in the fight against the occupying forces, they suffered heavy losses, but does not prevent them in the creation of significant heritage in the field of political thought. The aim of the article is to present the political thought of Polish national movement during the Second World War. Historical, qualitative and comparative methods were used. The whole has been divided into several parts,, in which author examines the with issues of political thought as: Polish war aims, vision of state borders, ratio to national minorities, vision of the political system, economic vision, vision of national security, education and upbringing. The whole article has to show how rich the heritage of those generations.

  • Upbringing and Socialization in the Contemporary Family

    Author: Blahoslav Kraus
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 40-49
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2016.46.4.03
    PDF: tner/201604/tner20160403.pdf

    This article looks into the process of socialization and upbringing in contemporary families. First, it describes the contemporary family, which has gone through a major transformation, just like the whole society. The contemporary family is characterized by destabilization, democratization, and disintegration, and all these problems affect the upbringing of children and the process of socialization.

  • Edukacja i inne procesy wspierające kształtowanie kompetencji międzykulturowych - ujęcie teoretyczne i praktyczne

    Author: Joanna Sacharczuk
    E-mail: joannasacharczuk@tlen.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6031-1167
    Author: Alina Szwarc
    E-mail: a.szwarc@ uwb.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3075-5872
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 91-109
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2020.01.06
    PDF: kie/127/kie12706.pdf

    In this article, through the prism of broadly understood education, we attempt to analyze one of the extremely important and needed contemporary issues, which are intercultural competences. We assume that in the process of shaping them, in addition to content selection, methods of education are also very important. The above thesis is supported by the example of the „Kochana nasza klaso” project implemented by Dariusz SzadaBorzyszkowski at the prison in Bialystok. Such activities can constitute an interesting offer addressed to participants of intercultural activities, based on education, involving in educational and socialization elements. They are also extremely effective in social rehabilitation activities.

  • Rodzina jako miejsce kontaktów międzypokoleniowych w opinii uczniów szkół ponadgimnazjalnych powiatu cieszyńskiego

    Author: Katarzyna Jas
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 180-193
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2019.02.12
    PDF: em/11/em1112.pdf

    Celem tego opracowania jest zwrócenie uwagi na znaczenie, jakie aktualnie przypisują młodzi ludzie oddziaływaniom socjalizacyjno-wychowawczym dziadków. Głównym obszarem rozważań staje się rodzina jako miejsce międzypokoleniowych kontaktów. W celu ukazania szczególnego rodzaju relacji międzygeneracyjnych autorka odwołuje się do wyników badań zespołowych przeprowadzonych na pograniczu polsko-czeskim. Środowisko rodzinne stanowi najważniejszą przestrzeń, w której żyje człowiek, uczestnicząc w jej przetrwaniu, zachowaniu ciągłości i rozwoju. Za Robertem Mertonem autorka przyjmuje rozumienie rodziny jako najważniejszego pasma transmisyjnego, służącego przekazywaniu wzorców kulturowych następnemu pokoleniu.

  • Kultura szkoły w narracji dziecka. Pomiędzy szansą a zagrożeniem dla rozwoju dziecka-ucznia

    Author: Kinga Konieczny-Pizoń
    E-mail: k_konieczny@op.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6203-8651
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 169-184
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.01.10
    PDF: kie/131/kie13110.pdf

    In the article, I focus on the elements of school’s culture, which is present in the narrative of the child’s student, embedding my reflections in the psychocultural approach to education (J.S. Bruner) and the Goffman’s model of total institutions. The collision of the child’s world, created by the culture of the family environment with the culture of the school, brings with it many tensions and imperatives for the constant reconstruction of meanings so far (un) present in his biographical experience. The analysis and interpretation of the child’s narrative interview in a constructivist approach has allowed to gather knowledge about patterns of behavior, prohibitions, precepts, expectations and values that the school culture overtly or covertly imposes on the child, socializing him/her into the role of a student. The cultural aspects taken up in the child’s narrative show what elements of the school’s cultural world represent opportunities and threats for the development of his or her identity and personality towards a sense of causality and values.

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