Viceroyalty of Peru

  • Imágenes devocionales en las iglesias misioneras jesuitas de Mojos (Bolivia), a la luz de los inventarios de la época de expulsión

    Author: Ewa Kubiak
    Institution: Universidad de Lodz, Polonia
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 39-73
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/sal202002
    PDF: sal/10/sal1002.pdf

    Devotional representations in mission churches of the Mojos region (Bolivia) in the light of inventories of the epoch of expulsion

    The article presents three types of representations that may be found at the time of the Jesuits’ exile in mission churches of the order in the Mojos region of Bolivia. The fi rst group comprises devotional images typical of the Catholic Church, created in the post-Tridentine period; these are representations of Our Lady, Christ, Saints and biblical scenes. The second group consists of representations of fi gures associated with the Jesuit Order. While the third group includes representations and titles typical of the Viceroyalty of Peru, such as Señor de los Temblores, Virgen de Cocharcas and Nuestra Señora de Belén (from Cusco). All the titles have been determined on the basis of the inventories of 1767, stored in Sucre in Archivo y Biblioteca Nacional de Bolivia (ABNB, signature: M y Ch, GRM, vol. 1, I and My Ch, GRM, vol. 1, III) and accounts from that period, which contain both information about the representations themselves and their frames associated with worship of the effi gies. In the summary part, the objects concerned are presented in a broader context, both Peruvian, American and European one.

  • Colegios Jesuitas en Cusco: San Bernardo y San Francisco Borja. Arte y arquitectura a la luz de los inventarios de 1768

    Author: Ewa Kubiak
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2740-0632
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 43-78
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/sal202102
    PDF: sal/11/sal1102.pdf

    Jesuit colleges in Cusco: San Bernardo and San Francisco Borja. Art and architecture in the light of the inventories of 1768

    The most famous architectural complex associated with the Jesuit order in colonial Cusco, was the college and church of the Transfiguration, located in the main square of the city. Monks of the Society of Jesus focused on evangelisation and teaching, which led to creation of subsequent monastic foundations. There were two schools in Cusco: one of them was intended for descendants of conquistadors (Colegio de San Bernardo), and the other one for sons of Andean caciques (Colegio de San Francisco Borja). Each of them was located in its own architectural complex, and one of the necessary conceptual elements of the complexes was a chapel intended for students. There are quite a few sources and studies concerning the history of both schools, and the interior decoration of the chapels located at the colleges has been reconstructed on the basis of the preserved inventories, drawn up at the time of expulsion of Jesuits and takeover of their property. The author of the article concentrates on reconstruction of the decoration, showing it in the cultural and artistic context of the region.

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