The right to a fair trial is at the forefront of the key individual rights in a broad catalogue of all rights and freedoms, for at least several reasons. Firstly, because it provides for one of the most important procedural mechanisms for the enforcement of all the other rights and freedoms. Secondly, because it protects the individual against potential violation of their rights and freedoms. Thirdly, because it is a reflection of the relation between the individual and the state, indicating all those elements that are today commonly considered as specific measures in the democracy index. As a consequence, the manner in which the right to a fair trial is established and its specific structure determines all other rights and freedoms, and especially their practical application, which determines whether the rights and freedoms are concrete or only appearances.