wolność sumienia i religii

  • Instytucja przysięgi (ślubowania) a poszanowanie wolności sumienia i religii

    Author: Grzegorz Maroń
    E-mail: grzemar6@op.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 51-76
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2015.04.03
    PDF: ppk/26/ppk2603.pdf

    Legal obligation to take the oath may interfere with the fundamental rights of the individual, especially with freedom of conscience and religion. In the particular states there are various ways to remove these type of collision, for example, the ability to take affirmation in place of the oath-taking or the extraordinary admissibility of the oath’s text modification. The given options are anchored in the statute law provisions or in the judicial practice. Not always, however, the indicated solutions are fully responsive to possible conscientious objections. In the author’s view, instead of derogation of the title institution from legal orders, oaths’ texts should attain the “appropriate” form – ie. oath wording refers to a relatively universal values –and a certain degree of flexibility in the interpretation of the law is needed. The obligation to take the oath and obligation to respect fundamental rights may be seen as the optimization requirements, and the most proper way to remove conflicts between them in a particular case is to use the method of proportional weighing in accordance with the Robert Alexy’s theory of legal principles.

  • Stosunki pomiędzy państwem a kościołami i związkami wyznaniowymi w Polsce

    Author: Andrzej Bisztyga
    E-mail: A.Bisztyga@wpa.uz.zgora.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6579-9656
    Author: Paweł Kuczma
    E-mail: p.kuczma@wpa.uz.zgora.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1443-4742
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 281-294
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.22
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6322.pdf

    Relations between the state and churches and religious associations in Poland

    Freedom of conscience and religion is the foundation of the modern concept of a democratic state ruled of law. This concept is a source of limitations for this freedom. This freedom cannot be considered solely in the sphere of the psyche and in the sphere of privacy. The author presents and analyzes the regulation in question against the background of the principles determining the position of churches and religious associations in the state and their relations with the state.

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