zasada decentralizacji

  • Zasada pomocniczości jako wyznacznik roli prawotwórczej samorządu terytorialnego

    Author: Przemysław Mijal
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 215-231
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2014.02.13
    PDF: ppk/18/ppk1813.pdf

    The article concerns the regulation of the local legislation. Local government should create legislative acts with the principle of subsidiarity and decentralization. These principles – resulting from the Constitution and acts of international law – should be taken into account when structuring the adoption of the local law. Existing regulations do not fully implement these principles. Therefore, there are a few need for legislative changes that will lead to the full implementation of the principle of subsidiarity. Currently, the local government authorities have too little freedom in making local law. It is limited by the legislative authority, which acts always defines the scope of freedom. This should be changed to increase the competence of the local government, which to a greater extent will realize the needs of the local community.

  • Państwo jako dobro wspólne a wspólnota samorządowa – tożsamość czy kolizja wartości?

    Author: Dariusz Dudek
    E-mail: dudek@kul.pl.
    Institution: Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/000-0002-1372-9285
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 15-43
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.01.01
    PDF: ppk/53/ppk5301.pdf

    The constitution regulates many different goods and values that relate to individual and collective life. In the constitution of the republic, two types of civic communities are most important: the state as a common good and local government units. Author of the article analyzes these two values in the light of the Polish Constitution of April 2, 1997, historical and philosophical foundations, and especially the science of law and case law of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal. According to the author, the self-government community is an integral element of constitutional axiology, i.e. the idea of the common good that belongs to the essence of polish state. The principle of decentralization of public authority is an important technical and legal consequence of the concept of the republican state and the principle of subsidiarity, and not an independent axiological justification of the relationship between the state and local government. These relationships and their social acceptance depends not only on legal regulations, but also on the attitudes and responsibilities of politicians and ordinary citizens. The actual relationship between the republican state and the local government community and their social acceptance depends, however, on legal regulations, but also on the attitudes and responsibilities of politicians and citizens.

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