zmiany w systemie partyjnym

  • New Parties in the Party Systems of Central and Eastern European Countries : the Factors of Electoral Success

    Author: Maciej Marmola
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 50-65
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.63.04
    PDF: apsp/63/apsp6304.pdf

    The aim of the presented analysis is to identify factors correlated with the proportion of seats obtained by new political parties in party systems of Central and Eastern European countries. The study provides an original approach to success of new parties, offering factors divided into in four groups (political, social, institutional and economic factors). The study results confirmed that a higher proportion of seats obtained by new parties in the investigated area correlated with lower trust in the European Union, lower institutional trust (index based on trust in the parliament, government and political parties), poorer evaluations of the future of the country (illustrated with the prospective voting variable), lower income inequalities in the society (illustrated with the Gini coefficient value), and a higher effective number of parties. No significant relationships were observed in the case of institutional factors (including the electoral system).

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