Author: Paweł Hanczewski
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 150-170
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.66.10
PDF: apsp/66/apsp6610.pdf

W XVIII wieku jeden z najczęściej dyskutowanych w Europie problemów z zakresu bezpieczeństwa i stosunków międzynarodowych dotyczył sposobów utrzymania pokoju. Dominowały trzy koncepcje: wiecznego pokoju, wojny sprawiedliwej oraz równowagi sił. Ważny głos w tej dyskusji zajął wybitny brytyjski myśliciel i polityk, Edmund Burke. Mimo że koncentrował on uwagę na sprawach wewnętrznych Wielkiej Brytanii i jej imperium, przez całą karierę publiczną interesował się też sytuacją na kontynencie europejskim. W przeciwieństwie do Rousseau, Kanta czy Vattela, połączył on wybrane elementy wszystkich trzech koncepcji. Przedstawił oryginalny pomysł na utrzymanie pokoju opartego na równowadze sił, prawie międzynarodowym i wspólnocie wartości łączących państwa europejskie, a wyrastających z dziedzictwa historycznego i kulturalnego.

EDMUND BURKE: EUROPEAN SECURITY AND PEACE

Over the course of the 18th century one of the most hotly debated issues in international politics concerned the means of preserving the general peace of Europe. There were three main concepts of how to achieve this aim: perpetual peace, just war, and the balance of power. One of the most interesting voices in the entire debate belonged to Edmund Burke. Despite the fact that Burke concentrated most of his attention on the internal situation of Britain and Britain’s colonial possessions, he was also throughout his entire public career deeply interested in European politics. Unlike Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant or Emer de Vattel, Burke combined certain elements of the above concepts. He formulated an original idea of European peace based on the balance of power, international law and cultural values derived from a common European heritage.

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